General James Mattis
General James Mattis (b. 1950) -A career warfighter born in the small college town of Pullman, Washington, was nominated by President-Elect Trump to become his Secretary of Defense. Joining the Marine Corps in 1969, he enrolled in the ROTC program at Central Washington University in Ellensburg, Washington, and, upon graduation (with a degree in History), was commissioned as a Second Lieutenant in 1972. Much has been written about General Mattis, some of it accurate, some of it hyperbolic. In this modern era of nearly continuous war in American history, James Mattis's combat and command resume reads like a recitation of this country's post-Cold War conflicts:
Gulf War (1991)-Lt. Colonel Mattis commanded the 1st Battalion, 7th Marines, which was one component of Task Force Ripper, which played a key part in the liberation of Kuwait in the Second Persian Gulf War against Iraq.
Afghanistan War (2001-Present)- In the early stages of America's post-9/11 war in Afghanistan against al-Qaida and their Taliban hosts, Brigadier General Mattis personally led Task Force 58 (a Marine and Naval combined task force) into southern Afghanistan.
Iraq War (2003-2011)-Mattis led the charge into Iraq as a Major General commanding the 1st Marine Division. During his time in Iraq, his Marines took part in the Battle of Fallujah, which became the heaviest urban fighting the Marines had engaged in since Vietnam.
Supreme Allied Commander Transformation (2007-2009)-an important post in the NATO command structure
United States Joint Forces Command (2007-2010)-A combatant command focused on the transformation of U.S. military capabilities.
U.S Central Command (2010-2013)-As head of Central Command, Mattis oversaw the wars in Iraq and Afghanistan and was responsible for a region that includes Syria, Iran, and Yemen. While in this position, Mattis argued for increased U.S. pressure on Iran, which Mattis felt was a greater threat than the Obama Administration believed. President Obama fired Mattis in 2013. Mattis retired soon after as a four-star general.
A significant aspect of his career came in partnership with General David Petraeus, as the two of them developed the Army and Marine Corps counterinsurgency (COIN) doctrine that is in use today by the military in the ongoing wars.
James Mattis has been described as a "Warrior Monk," and as "Mad Dog Mattis," for both his lifelong bachelorhood, coupled with his devotion to an intellectual understanding of war and history (he amassed a 7,000 volume library of military history and world history books), as well as for his penchant for colorful quotes, some of which got him into trouble with his superiors.
General James Mattis addressing Marine aviators in Iraq, 2003
In a conversation with his officers in Iraq in 2003, in reference to the fact that insurgents can appear to be friendly civilians one moment, and armed enemies a moment later, Mattis warned his men to be both professional and prepared when he said: Be polite, be professional, but have a plan to kill everybody you meet. Taken out of context, Mattis sounds like a psychopath, but in the proper context of advice to soldiers and Marines in a fluid asymmetrical combat environment, it makes perfect sense.
As his troops prepared to invade Iraq in 2003, Mattis wrote a letter to his command with his admonition on his expectations in the coming war:
One of the comments Mattis said in public that made the news at the time, and earned him some negative press came at a panel discussion in San Diego in 2005:
You go into Afghanistan, you got guys who slap women around for five years because they didnt wear a veil. You know, guys like that aint got no manhood left anyway. So its a hell of a lot of fun to shoot them. Actually its quite fun to fight them, you know. Its a hell of a hoot. Its fun to shoot some people. Ill be right up there with you. I like brawling.
Mattis faced confirmation by the Senate, where he got a waiver from Congress to take the Secretary of Defense post, as he retired from the military less than seven years ago. The law, 10 U.S. Code § 113, which states in part:
There is a Secretary of Defense, who is the head of the Department of Defense, appointed from civilian life by the President, by and with the advice and consent of the Senate. A person may not be appointed as Secretary of Defense within seven years after relief from active duty as a commissioned officer of a regular component of an armed force."
The last retired general to serve as Secretary of Defense, George C. Marshall, also had to receive a waiver from Congress to take that position in the 1950s.
On January 20, 2017, the same day Donald Trump was inaugurated as the 45th President, the Senate confirmed the nomination of James Mattis to be the new Secretary of Defense, by a vote of 98-1. He reported to the Pentagon the next day, Saturday, January 21 as the 26th Secretary of Defense.
Sources on General James Mattis:
Distinctions of War: General Mattis's Mistake
General James Mattis, "In the Midst of the Storm: A US Commander's View of the Changing Middle East"-Video of General Mattis speaking on the Middle East