German Internal Wars and Conflicts


German Flag

After Germany's defeat in World War I, the Kaiser's abdication set off a period of great internal conflict. The new democratic government, the so-called Weimar Republic, sought to instill democracy in a population that in many ways still sought a "strong man" type of ruler. Beset by foes from the political Left and Right, as well as by its own army and "Free Corps" militias, the government often resorted to brute force in order to survive. Eventually, of course, it did not survive, as the German people found themselves willing to listen to the leader of the National Socialist Worker's Party: Adolf Hitler .

Violence during Hitler's Beer Hall Putsch in 1923

Click on the blue links to access specific pages.


Kiel Mutiny (1918)-Naval Mutiny/Revolution

German Revolution (1918-1919)-Anti-Monarchy Revolution


Bavarian Revolution (Nov. 7, 1918-May 1, 1919)-Communist Revolution

Spartacist Revolt (Jan. 6-Jan. 15, 1919)-Communist Revolution

Rhineland Uprisings (1918-April 20, 1919)-Communist Revolution

Kapp Putsch (March, 1920)-Military Coup Attempt

Upper Silesia (Polish) Rebellion (1921)-Ethnic (Polish) Uprising

The Beer Hall Putsch (1923)-Hitler's Coup Attempt

Anti-Hitler Resistance (1933-1945)-Underground Partisan Resistance Against Hitler's Government

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