Ossetian War (1989-1992)
d'etat (December 21, 1991 - January 6, 1992)--Zviad
Gamsakhurdia is overthrown and goes into exile. Violence
kills 113 people.
War [Gamsakhurdia Rebellion] (1992-1993)--Former
President Zviad Gamsakhurdia seizes control of his native
Samegrelo province, which is just south of Abkahzia, and
attempts to overthrow President Eduard Shevardnadze. In
desperation, Shevardnadze requests aid from Russia, which
supplies weapons, logistical aid, and troops to help the
Georgian government defeat Gamsakhurdia.
Border Conflict (May, 1998)
of Pankisi Gorge in Georgia—(September, 2002)--
Russian warplanes bombed the Pankisi Gorge in Georgia, which
borders on Chechnya. Russia claimed that Chechen rebels used
the Gorge as a staging area for attacks on Russian forces in
Chechnya. Georgia protested the attacks.
(2003)--Nonviolent overthrow of President Eduard
Shevardnadze after he won re-election in elections believed
by many to be fraudulent and unfree.
Ossetian Border Clash (July-August, 2004)--16 Georgian
and several dozen South Ossetian troops died in border
(Georgian involvement 2005-Present)--Georgian troops are
a part of the U.S.-led Multinational Force in Iraq. As of
August, 2008, five Georgian troops have died in Iraq, and 15
Attempt on U.S. President George W. Bush (May 10,
2005)--A live grenade was thrown at the American and
Georgian presidents at a speech in front of a large audience
of cheering Georgians. No one was injured.
Crisis (July, 2006)--Georgian security forces reasserted
government control over the Kodori Gorge region from a local
alleged violations of Georgian air space by
attack incident (March 11, 2007)--Georgia claimed
Russian helicopters launched an attack on the Georgian
town of Chkhalta, which is home to the Georgian-backed
Abkhaz government-in-exile. Russia denied any
incident (August 7, 2007) --Georgia claimed that
Russian forces fired a missile on August 7, 2007, at
the Georgian town of Tsitelubani, which is close to
breakaway region of South Ossetia. Russia denied any
downing incident (August 21, 2007)-- Georgia
claims to have shot down a plane that violated its
airspace. Russia denied losing a plane, but the
breakaway region of Abkhazia said that it lost a
Ossetian Border Clashes (June-July, 2008)
14 & 15--Mortar fire and gunfire between Georgian
and South Ossetian forces. One killed, four
July 3 &
4--Shelling and gunfire between Georgian and South
Ossetian forces reported.
7-Georgia reports that its forces prevented a group
of South Ossetian militiamen from planting explosives
along a bridge by opening fire on them. South Ossetian
forces captured several Georgian troops and then released
them after Georgia threatened to rescue them.
9--Russian military jets flew into Georgian airspace
through South Ossetia on July 9, 2008 and then returned
to Russia. The next day, the Russian authorities
confirmed the flight and said that it was because of the
July 7 incident.
15--Both the U.S. and Russia began separate military
exercises in the Caucasus region.
19--Georgia claimed that a Georgian police post was
attacked by Abkhaz militias and that a battalion of
Russian troops had moved into the lower Kodori Gorge.
Abkhazia and Russia denied these charges.
29--South Ossetia claimed two South Ossetian villages
came under fire by Georgian forces. This was supposedly
in response to South Ossetia reinforcing its positions on
the border. Georgia claimed that Georgian outposts on the
Sarabuki heights were attacked by South Ossetian forces,
though they reported no casualties.
August 1 to
August 7--Heavy Georgian-South Ossetian border
clashes begin on August 1, with Six Ossetians reportedly
killed and 21 injured in the first two days. Gun battles,
shelling, and clashes occurred daily, with Georgia
admitting the loss of an armored personnel carrier (APC)
in the fighting. The Georgian president, Mikhail
Saakashvili, declared a unilateral cease-fire the morning
of August 7. Within a day, Georgian forces broke the
cease-fire, launching a major offensive against South
Ossetia with the declared aim of "restore constitutional
order in the whole region."
of violence between Georgia and South Ossetia from June
to August, 2008, led to the Second Georgian-South
Ossetian War, which, with Russian military intervention,
is now also a Georgian-Russian War.
Georgian-South Ossetian War (August, 2008)
(August, 2008) -The Five-Day War that humiliated Georgia
as Russia pushed back on a Georgian offensive against South
Ossetia and then invaded Georgia.