suffered under Soviet rule from the early 1920s to the
declaration of independence in April of 1991. Even before
independence, Georgia engaged in conflict, as the
Georgian region of South Ossetia engaged in a breakaway
war, which has flared up over the past two decades.
Several Civil Wars and Army rebellions have plagued
Georgia since 1989 (While still a part of the Soviet
Union). In August, 2008, the South Ossetia issue again
flared into warfare, though this time, Georgia's old
ruler, Russia, intervened and the war is now (as of
August 9, 2008) escalating rapidly.
is a list of wars and conflicts involving the nation of
Ossetian War (1989-1992)
Coup d'etat (December 21, 1991 - January 6,
Gamsakhurdia is overthrown and goes into exile.
Violence kills 113 people.
Civil War [Gamsakhurdia Rebellion]
President Zviad Gamsakhurdia seizes control of his
native Samegrelo province, which is just south of
Abkahzia, and attempts to overthrow President
Eduard Shevardnadze. In desperation, Shevardnadze
requests aid from Russia, which supplies weapons,
logistical aid, and troops to help the Georgian
government defeat Gamsakhurdia.
Bombing of Pankisi Gorge in
2002)-- Russian warplanes bombed the Pankisi Gorge
in Georgia, which borders on Chechnya. Russia
claimed that Chechen rebels used the Gorge as a
staging area for attacks on Russian forces in
Chechnya. Georgia protested the attacks.
overthrow of President Eduard Shevardnadze after he
won re-election in elections believed by many to be
fraudulent and unfree.
Ossetian Border Clash (July-August,
Georgian and several dozen South Ossetian troops
died in border fighting.
War (Georgian involvement
troops are a part of the U.S.-led Multinational
Force in Iraq. As of August, 2008, five Georgian
troops have died in Iraq, and 15
Attempt on U.S. President George W. Bush (May 10,
live grenade was thrown at the American and
Georgian presidents at a speech in front of a large
audience of cheering Georgians. No one was
Gorge Crisis (July, 2006)--Georgian
security forces reasserted government control over
the Kodori Gorge region from a local warlord.
alleged violations of Georgian air space by
attack incident (March 11,
claimed Russian helicopters launched an
attack on the Georgian town of Chkhalta,
which is home to the Georgian-backed Abkhaz
government-in-exile. Russia denied any
incident (August 7, 2007)
claimed that Russian forces fired a missile
on August 7, 2007, at the Georgian town of
Tsitelubani, which is close to breakaway
region of South Ossetia. Russia denied any
downing incident (August 21,
Georgia claims to have shot down a plane that
violated its airspace. Russia denied losing a
plane, but the breakaway region of Abkhazia
said that it lost a plane.
14 & 15--Mortar
fire and gunfire between Georgian and South
Ossetian forces. One killed, four
3 & 4--Shelling
and gunfire between Georgian and South Ossetian
reports that its forces prevented a group of
South Ossetian militiamen from planting
explosives along a bridge by opening fire on
them. South Ossetian forces captured several
Georgian troops and then released them after
Georgia threatened to rescue them.
military jets flew into Georgian airspace
through South Ossetia on July 9, 2008 and then
returned to Russia. The next day, the Russian
authorities confirmed the flight and said that
it was because of the July 7
the U.S. and Russia began separate military
exercises in the Caucasus region.
claimed that a Georgian police post was attacked
by Abkhaz militias and that a battalion of
Russian troops had moved into the lower Kodori
Gorge. Abkhazia and Russia denied these charges.
Ossetia claimed two South Ossetian villages came
under fire by Georgian forces. This was
supposedly in response to South Ossetia
reinforcing its positions on the border. Georgia
claimed that Georgian outposts on the Sarabuki
heights were attacked by South Ossetian forces,
though they reported no casualties.
1 to August 7--Heavy
Georgian-South Ossetian border clashes begin on
August 1, with Six Ossetians reportedly killed
and 21 injured in the first two days. Gun
battles, shelling, and clashes occurred daily,
with Georgia admitting the loss of an armored
personnel carrier (APC) in the fighting. The
Georgian president, Mikhail Saakashvili,
declared a unilateral cease-fire the morning of
August 7. Within a day, Georgian forces broke
the cease-fire, launching a major offensive
against South Ossetia with the declared aim of
"restore constitutional order in the whole
This sequence of
violence between Georgia and South Ossetia from
June to August, 2008, led to the Second
Georgian-South Ossetian War, which, with Russian
military intervention, is now also a