Indo-Pakistani Wars & Conflicts


This page shows conflicts between the South Asian nations of India and Pakistan. Both nations gained independence from Britain simultaneously in 1947, and almost immediately plunged into war over the fate of the mountainous Jammu-Kashmir region. All of their conflicts with each other stem from the Kashmir conflict, with the exception of the Bengali War of Independence, in which India aided the rebels of East Pakistan to become the sovereign nation of Bangladesh.

India and Pakistan came close to war multiple times due to Pakistan's support of militant groups (India calls them terrorists), seeking to expel India from Kashmir. Attacks on the Indian Parliament in 2001, a terrorist attack on the Indian city of Mumbai in 2008, and continued violence in Kashmir have brought these two nuclear-armed foes to the brink of war several times in the 21st Century. India blames Pakistan for these attacks, and the threat of war continues to hang over South Asia.

Click on the blue links to access specific pages.


First Kashmir War (1947-1948)

1st Indo-Pakistani War

Second Kashmir War (1965)

2nd Indo-Pakistani War

Bengali War of Independence (1971)

3rd Indo-Pakistani War

Siachen War (1984-2003)

4th Indo-Pakistani War

Kashmir Border Conflict (1991-Present)

Kargil War (1999)

5th Indo-Pakistani War

Terrorist Attack on Indian Parliament (2001)

Pakistani-supported terrorists attacked the Indian Parliament

Terrorist Attack on Mumbai (2008)

Pakistani-supported terrorists attacked the Indian city of Mumbai, killing 179.

links to Indian Military resources

Pages on Indian and Pakistani Military History  

Links to Resouces on :

2008-2009 Confrontations over Mumbai Attack

SCENARIOS - Assessing risks of India, Pakistan confrontation--Reuters, Jan. 16, 2009

Indian and Pakistani Nuclear Arsenals

India, Pakistan and the Bomb:The Indian subcontinent is the most likely place in the world for a nuclear war-- Article from Scientific American. Date: Dec. 1, 2001


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