Major Wars in Europe in the 19th Century

British Cavalry Charge at Waterloo, 1815 


 Major European Wars and Conflicts of the 19th Century

The 19th Century was an era of nationalism, revolution, and numerous wars between powerful nations. From the Napoleonic Wars to the great Revolutions of the 1820s and 1840s, to the Wars of Unification for both Italy and Germany, and beyond, the wars of the 1800s left lasting effects on the entire world, and set the stage for the great World Wars fo the next century.

Below is a list (with links) of the major European wars of the nineteenth century. This list does not contain wars fought by European nations in other parts of the world, most of which were colonial/imperial conflicts to gain land in Africa, Asia, and the Middle East. Any such list is by nature somewhat subjective, but the wars and conflicts listed below all had a significant impact on history. This list of 19th Century wars is presented in rough chronological order, with the earliest listed first, and descending toward the also war-filled 20th Century.

Pin It

Napoleonic Wars (1803-1815)

Greek War of Independence (1821-1832)

French invasion of Spain (1823)

Russo-Persian War (1826-1828)

Russo-Turkish War (1828-1829)

Hungarian Revolution and War of Independence (1848-1849)

First Schleswig War (1848-1851)

Wars of Italian Independence (1848–1866)

First Italian Independence War (1848–1849)

The War of 1859 (1859)--Also known as the Second Italian War of Independence

Third Italian War of Independence (1866)


Crimean War (1854–1856)--Britain, France, and Sardinia join together to defend the Ottoman Empire (Turkey) from Russia. Most ground combat took place in the Russian peninsula of Crimea.

Second Schleswig War (1864)--Austria and Prussia combine against Denmark to take Schleswig and make it a part of Germany.

Austro-Prussian War (1866)--Short conflict in which Prussia, in effect, forced Austria out of German affairs.

Franco-Prussian War (1870-1871)-The last of the German Unification Wars, this war led to the formation of the German Empire (The Second Reich), and led directly to World War One.

Russo–Turkish War (1877–1878)

Serbo-Bulgarian War (1885)

Greco–Turkish War (1897)

Pin It
Copyright © 1998-2020
History Guy Media; Last Modified: 05.12.20a
"The History Guy" is a Registered Trademark.