Haiti History:

Leaders of

Haiti

See also: Wars of Haiti

Flag of Haiti

Haitian Leader:

(Titles include Governor,

Emperor, King, President,

Prime Minister)

Year(s) in Office:

Notes about term of Office:

Jean Jacques Dessalines, Governor

1804

--

Jean Jacques Dessalines, Emperor

1804-1806

assassinated

=

Henri Christophe, President

1807 - 1811

--

Henri Christophe, King

1811-1820

suicide

Alexander Petion

1807 - 1818

died in office

Jean Pierre Boyer

1818 - 1843

overthrown

Riviere Riviere-= Herard

1843 - 1844

overthrown

Philippe Guerrier

1844 - 1845

died in office

Jean Louis Pierrot

1845 - 1846

overthrown

Jean Baptiste Riche

1847 - 1847

died in office

Faustin Soulouque, President

1847 - 1849

--

Faustin Soulouqu e, Emperor

1849-1859

overthrown

Fabre Nicholas Geffrard

1859 - 1867

overthrown

Sylvain Salnave

1867 - 1869

executed

Nissage Saget

1870 - 1874

full term

Michel Domingue

=

1874 - 1876

overthrown

Boisrond Canal

1876 - 1879

overthrown

Lysius Felicite Salomon

1879 - 1888

overthrown

Francois Legitime

1888 - 1889

overthrown

Florvil Hyppolite

1889 - 1896

died in office

Tiresias Simon Sam

1896 - 1902

full term

Nord Alexis

1902 - 1908

overthrown

Antoine Simon

1908 - 1911

overthrown

Cincinnatus Leconte

1911 - 1912

died in office

Tancrede Auguste

1912 - 1913

died in office

Michel Oreste

1913 - 1914

overthrown

Oreste Zamor

1914

overthrown

Davilmar Theodore

1914 - 1915

overthrown

Vilbrun Sam

1915

assassinated

Sudre Dartigue= vave

1915 - 1922

full term (1st US Occupation)

Louis Borno

1922 - 1930

full term (1st US Occupation

Eugene Roy*

1930

(1st US occupation)

Sternio Vincent

1930 - 1941

full term (occupation until 1934)

Élie Lescot

1941 - 1946

overthrown

Franck Lavaud

1946

--

Dumarsais Estim&ea= cute;

1946 - 1950

overthrown

Paul Eugène Magloire

1950 - 1956

overthrown

Joseph Nemours Pierre-Louis*

1956 - 1957

--

Franck Sylvain*

1957

--

Executive Government Council

1957

--

Antonio Thrasybule Kebreau
(Chairman of the Military Council)

1957

--

François Duvalier

1957 - 1971

died in office

Jean-Claude Duvalier

1971 - 1986

overthrown

Henri Namphy

1986 - 1987

full term

Lesli Manigat

1988

overthrown

Henri Namphy*

1988 - 1989

overthrown

Prosper Avril*

1989 - 1990

overthrown

Etha Pascal-T= rouillot*

1990 - 1991

full term

Jean-Bertrand Aristide

1991

overthrown

Joseph Nerette*

=

1991 - 1992

--

Marc Bazin (acting prime minister)

1992 - 1993

--

Émile Jonassai= nt*

1994

--

Jean-Bertrand Aristide

1994 - 1996

finished remainder of term

Rene Preval

1996 - 2001

full term

Jean-Bertrand Aristide

2001 - 2004

overthrown

Boniface Alexandre*

2004 - 2006

--

René Préval

2006 - 2011

The Inauguration of Michel Martelly on May 14, 2011, was the first time in Haitian history that an incumbent president (Preval) peacefully transferred power to a member of the opposition party.

Michel Martelly

2011-2016

Amid social and political turmoil, Martelly resigned the presidency on February 10, 2016, leaving Haiti without a president for a week. A Council of Ministers led Haiti until a new president was inaugurated.

Council of Ministers

Feb. 7 to Feb. 14, 2016

This Council of Ministers would be the equivalent of the American Presidential Cabinet running the country for a week.

Jocelerme Privert*

2016-2017

Interim President for one year.

Jovenel Moïse

2017-2021

Elected President in 2017. Also considered to have won in 2016, but the results were not recognized, leading to the crisis of 2016. Assassinted in July, 2021 by mercenaries from Columbia. His death threw Haiti into turmoil, as two men claimed to be Prime Minister, and armed gangs control large areas of the the capitol.


[*Provisional Leader]

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