Military History of Russia:

(1815- 1918)


This page is designed for students and researchers needing information on the wars and conflicts of Czarist Russia from the end of the Napoleonic Wars against France in 1815 to the end of World War I and the start of the Bolshevik Revolution in 1918.

To access specific wars or conflicts, click on the blue links.>List of Wars by Nation>Wars of Russia


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Wars of the Russian Empire from 1815 to 1918

Russian Conquest of Central Asia and the Far East (1800s)

Decembrist Uprising (1825)-Short-lived military revolt.

Russo-Persian War (1826-1828)-Russia defeated Persia and acquired parts of Armenia.

Russo-Turkish War (1828-1829)-Russia defeated the Ottoman Turks. Related to the Greek War of Independence.

Polish Revolution (1830-1831)-Russian-ruled Poland rebelled and was crushed. Inspired by 1830 Paris Revolution.

The Crimean War ( 1853-1856)-Britain, France, the Ottoman Empire and Sardinia against Russia.

Crimean War Research Society --Provides information on membership and publications as well as resources about the war.

Crimean Texts --Archive of materials relating to the Crimean War, including 19th century documents and accounts as well as modern original articles, essays, and commentaries.

Roger Fenton Crimean War Photographs --Collection of materials at the Library of Congress. Includes a description of the war, profile of Fenton, and gallery of his images.

Wikipedia: Crimean War --Hyperlinked article devoted to the 1854-6 war fought between Russia and an alliance of the United Kingdom, France, the Ottoman Empire, and Piedmont-Sardinia.

Sveaborg and the Crimean War 1854-55 --Briefly describes the shelling of the fortress of the city by an Anglo-French naval force in 1855.

Victorian Web: The Crimean War --Offers extensive resources on the war including background articles, contemporary accounts, and biographies of notable people.

Incompetence and Glory: The Crimean War --Offers sections on the causes of the war, chronology, the war at sea, major battles, biographies, accounts, and more.

Second Polish Revolution (1863-1864)-Poland rebels waged a mostly guerrilla war. Rebellion defeated.

Russo-Turkish War (1877-1878)-Caused by Turkish problems with Slavic Balkan states. Treaty of San Stefano guaranteed independence from Turkey for Serbia, Montenegro, Rumania and autonomy for Bulgaria. Russia received land in the Caucasus region.

The Russo-Turkish War Timeline (1877-1878)

Boxer Rebellion (1900)-Involved Britain, France, Germany, Russia, the United States, Japan, Italy, and Austria-Hungary against "Boxer" rebels in China as well as against the Chinese government. Gave Russia an opportunity to occupy Manchuria, which led in part to the Russo-Japanese War.

Russo-Japanese War (1904-1905)-Russia soundly defeated by Japan.

Russo-Japanese War Research Society--Contains research and documentation of the 1904-1905 war. Includes pictures, biographies, documents, and maps.

Treaty of Portsmouth of 1905 --Diplomatic agreement that ended the Russo-Japanese War.

History of the Russo-Japanese War --Traces the performance of the Russian navy in the war, especially at Port Arthur and Tsushima.

Russo-Japanese War Ramblings --Examines the technologies used by the Russian and Japanese navies during their 1904-1905 war.

Russo-Japanese War, 1904-1905 --Chronological overview of the war. Includes photos and maps.

Russian Revolution of 1905 (1905-1906)-Popular uprising against the Czarist government. Harshly suppressed by the army.

Russian Revolution of 1905 - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

The Revolution of 1905

Russia Revolution 1905

Leon Trotsky: 1905: Table of Contents --Leon Trotsky's first hand account of the Russian Revolution of 1905

THE RUSSIAN REVOLUTION OF 1905 --Causes of 1905 Revolution

Russian Intervention in Persian Revolution of 1906 (1906-1911)- Czarist Russia intervened in the Persian Revolution that overthrew the Shah of Persia. Russia sent troops into Persia (Iran) several times in support of the Shah and his forces.

World War I (1914-1918)-Last war of the Czarist Russian Empire prior to the Bolshevik (Communist) Revolution.

General Links and Sources:

Mark Conrad's 19th Century Russian Military History Page --Translations of various memoirs, articles, and documents relating to the Russian army of the 19th century.

Historical Map of the Russian Empire From 1820.

North Part of Russia in Europe --Historical map from the early 19th century.

Kohn, George C. Dictionary of Wars. New York: Facts On File Publications. 1999.

Dupuy, R. Ernest and Trevor N. Dupey. The Harper Encyclopedia of Military History: From 3500 B.C. to the Present New York, New York: Harper & Row. 1993.

Please cite this source when appropriate:

Lee, R. "The History Guy: Military History of Russia: From the Wars against Napoleon to the Bolshevik Revolution (1815-1918)"

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