Wars and Conflicts
Revolt in Constantinople
(1909)--Albanian troops of the Ottoman Army rebelled
against the Ottoman government on April 13, 1909. Loyal
troops suppressed the rebels after a five-hour
in Cuba (1906-1909) In response to
political unrest in recently independent Cuba, the United
States sent five infantry and two cavalry regiments,
along with artillery to Cuba to restore order.
Bosnian Crisis (1908-1909)-one
of several wars and crisis events leading to the outbreak
of World War One in 1914.
Tham Guerrilla Resistance--(1883-1913)
--De Tham, a Vietnamese resistance leader, led a
thirty-year guerrilla campaign against the colonial
French occupiers in the mountains near Yen The in
northeastern Tonkin. In 1909 the French launched a major
offensive against his forces. De Tham was involved in the
This guerrilla resistance ended with De Tham's
assassination in 1913.
Conquest of Chad
(1897-1914) French forces continued their conquest of the
Sahara by moving into the area of Lake Chad, razing
villages and forcing compliance with Paris' rule. In
1900, French troops defeated Rabah Zobeir, a follower of
the Sudanese Mahdi. Other native leaders and tribes
continued resistance to the French invasion.
(1909-1911) France and the Ouaddai Kingdom (moder-day
eastern Chad and central Sudan) France won the war and
annexed Ouaddai. and it remained part of the French
Empire in Africa until Chadian independence in
Conquest of Mauritania
(1908-1909)) French forces conquered the West African
region of Mauritania.
(1909-1911) Former president Manuel Bonilla led a
rebellion against the government of Miguel
was beset by internal political violence and rebellions
against the rule of the tyrannical Shah Mohammed Ali.
Actual warfare broke out in 1908 with a rebellion in the
city of Tabriz. The Shah's forces besieged Tabriz, but
the rebellion did not end until Russia decided to
intervene militarily and a Russian army brutally seized
the city Tabriz in March of 1909. While the Russians took
Tabriz, other rebel factions marched on Tehran, capturing
the capital city on July 12, 1909. The Shah abdicated his
throne, and his young son, Ahmad Mirza became the new
(1909-1910) Spain sought to expand its small holdings in
Morocco around Melilla, which abuts the Rif mountains.
The local Moroccan tribes, known as Rifians, resisted the
Spanish military, though by early 1910, the Spanish
military prevailed. Another, more deadly and violent Rif
War followed in 1920, which also involved
Links and Resources
on the Wars of 1909:
George C. Dictionary
New York: Facts On File Publications. 1986.
David F. Wars of the Americas: A Chronology of Armed
Conflict in the New World, 1492 to the Present. Santa
Barbara, California: ABC-CLIO, 1998.
3. Fagg, John
E. Latin America: A General History, Second
Edition. New York,New York: The MacMillan Co.,