Wars of Mexico:

From Independence to the Present

Mexican Flag

Mexican Flag

Mexican War of Independence (1810-1821)--A complex conflict in which Mexico gained independence from Spain.

Central American Federation War of independence (1822-1823)--The brief Mexican Empire under Emperor Iturbide lost control of Central America in a short war in which the United Provinces of Central America became an independent nation.

Texas War of Independence (1835-1836)--The Mexican state of Texas rebelled and gained independence from Mexico.

First Franco-Mexican War "The Pastry War" (1838)--The first military intervention by France.

Yucatan Secession (1839-1843)--The Yucatan region attempted to break away from Mexico.

U.S.-Mexican War (1846-1847)-The United States invaded Mexico and forced the Mexicans to cede the northern half of the country and also to give up any claim to Texas.

Yucatan Rebellion (1847)--The Yucatan region rebelled against the Mexican government.

Second Franco-Mexican War (1862-1867)--The second military intervention by France, resulting in French occupation of Mexico and a prolonged guerrilla resistance ending in French withdrawal. The Battle of Puebla (May 5, 1862) is celebrated in Mexico and the U.S. as Cinco de Mayo.

Yaqui Indian War (1899-1904?)--One of the last of the long series of Mexican-Indian Wars, this conflict began when chiefs of the eight principal Yaqui Indian tribes demand Mexican withdrawal from the Sinaloa region.

Mexican Revolution/Civil War (1910-1920)--One of the last of the long series of Mexican-Indian Wars, this conflict began when chiefs of the eight principal Yaqui Indian tribes demanded Mexican withdrawal from the Sinaloa region.

U.S. Occupation of Vera Cruz (1914)--The U.S. military invaded and occupied the port city of Vera Cruz.

U.S. Punitive Expedition (1916-1917)--The U.S. Army pursued warlord Pancho Villa into northern Mexico in retaliation for Villa's raid on an American town. (See also the Zimmerman Telegram and how it affected Mexico)

Pancho Villa

Pancho Villa

World War Two (1942-1945)--Mexico joins the Allies and Mexican forces fight the Japanese in the Pacific.

Chiapas Uprising (1994- Present)--A rebel group calling itself the Zapatista National Liberation Army (EZLN) began a revolt on New Year's Day 1994. Little fighting has taken place since 1994. The government and the Zapatistas engage in negotiations and public relations battles rather than combat, though several massacres have occurred.

EPR Marxist Guerrilla Conflict (1996-Present)--The Popular Revolutionary Army or Ejército Popular Revolucionario (EPR) formed in 1996 and promotes a Marxist philosophy. Several clashes with Mexican military forces in Oaxaca state followed the group's July 1996 declaration of war against the government. The EPR is believed to be connected to the pipeline attacks in June and September, 2007.

Mexico's Drug War (2006-Present) and the Spanish Language Version at: El mexicano Drug War (2006-Present)


Mexico: 1821-1867

Yaqui History

Mexico: The Wars of Independence, 1810-1821

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