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of Southern Africa
overview of the colonial wars, civil wars, and other
conflicts in southern africa from 1899 to the
The region of
Southern Africa has a bloody history of wars against
colonial and racist rule, as well as prolonged civil wars
after independence. Many of the conflicts from the 1960s
through the 1980s were strongly influenced by the Cold
War between the Western Powers and the Soviet Union and
its allies, in particular, the communist nation of Cuba,
which sent thousands of combat troops to take part in the
Angolan Civil War.
Rhodesian Troops on Patrol in
the Rhodesian Bush War
Second Boer War (1899-1902)--Britain
vs. The Boer Republics (Orange Free State and Transvaal)
in what is now South Africa.
Revolts (1895-1899) -
Native uprisings against Portuguese colonial rule in
French rule. France crushed the revolt.
African Civil War (1960-1994)--Black
nationalist rebels fought against the white-ruled
apartheid government of South Africa. The 1994 election
ended white minority rule and began the period of
War of Independence (1961-1975)-
Fought against Portugal.
War of Independence (1964-1975)-
Fought against Portugal.
War of Independence (1966-1990)
Civil War (1967-1979)-
Can also be considered the Zimbabwe War of Independence.
Rebels of the black majority fought a guerilla war
against the white minority government of Ian Smith. Smith
had declared unilateral independence from Britain rather
than end white rule. The war concluded with a peace
agreement in which each adult received the right to vote
regardless of race.
Civil War (1975-2002)-
Following independence from Portugal, the two primary
rebel groups, the Marxist MPLA and the "pro-Western"
UNITA movements battled for control of Angola. Each side
received significant outside assistance. The MPLA enjoyed
massive aid from the Soviet Union as well as combat
troops from Cuba. Early in the conflict, Zaire sent
troops to aid UNITA, while the United States (mostly
through the Central Intelligence Agency) sent weapons and
mercenaries. South Africa also aided UNITA with large
cross-border incursions. South Africa's involvement came
out of concern that a pro-Communist regime would aid
SWAPO rebels fighting for Namibia's independence from
South Africa. The war finally ended after the death of
UNITA leader Jonas Savimbi.
Civil War (1975-1992) -
Also known as the "Renamo War." The Renamo rebel group
attempted to overthrow the leftist government with aid
from Rhodesia and South Africa. The fighting ended in
1992, with a formal peace treaty ending the war signed in
Uprising [Namibia] (1999)
Rebels in the Caprivi region launched a guerrilla
uprising against the Namibian government.
Angolan civil war and US foreign policy
25 Years of Civil War
Diamond Mining and War
Sixteen-Year Bloody Civil War
Bush War Phtotographs - Military Photos
Role of Airpower in the Rhodesian Bush War,
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and Conflict Journal--New
Advances; Pakistan in Mortal
Sudan Erupts in More
April 22, 2009
Expands War; Invades
August 10, 2008
Attacks South Ossetia and Risks Russian
August 7, 2008
War Scenario for April,
2008-posted April 9,
Violent Political History Continues With
Dec. 27, 2007
in the Somali
War--posted Dec. 2,
Martial Law Endangers the War on
Nov. 4, 2007
At War: Turkey, Iraq, and
October 22, 2007
The Consequences of September 11 and America's
Wars Around the
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Calm Before The Storm: The World of September
10, 2001--posted on
Sept. 10, 2007
War Fears: Israel Versus Syria
Aug. 14, 2007
at War: French Victories and
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de Mayo, 1862: The Battle Of
Puebla --posted May
Long War on Terror: What is in a War's
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To Coup, or not to Coup, that, is the
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and Recent Conflicts of the
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and Conflicts of Yemen
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of Iran and
Persia--Lists the wars
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Century to the present.
2007 Pro-Democracy Uprising in
current uprising in Myanmar.
the Lebanese government and a Jihadist Palestinian
militia calling itself Fatah al-Islam.
Laden's Declaration of War Against the United
States-- Long before
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intent to harm America.
Wars of the World--A
listing of current wars and conflicts around the
Coups in Turkey-A
listing of military coups in modern Turkey
America's Wars Duration in
Months-A look at
America's wars and comparing their length in
on the origins of this ongoing war; part of the War
War of 2006*New*--A
brief description of the Ethiopia-Somalia War which
began in 2006, and is a part of the larger Somali
Wars and Conflicts*New*--Listing
the wars and conflicts between Ethiopia and
wars and conflicts of Germany from the
Franco-Prussian War of 1870-1871 to the War in
War: Links and
and resources on the Iraq War.
War: Prisoner Abuse and Abu Ghraib Links and
and resources on the Iraq War's biggest
War: Battles and
and resources on Iraq War battles and military
and analysis on the warfare along the Lebanese
border which began in July, 2006!
information on the decades-long warfare and
conflict along the Israel/Lebanon
information on the long-running warfare between
Israel and the Palestinians!
information on the warfare raids, battles,
terrorist attacks, and retaliations between Israel
and the Palestinians!
War on Terror expands to Pakistan's Northwest
terrorist/resistance group now ruling the
in the Western
and conflicts of 2006!