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Wars and Conflicts of YemenSaudi-Yemen War (1934)
Yemen Civil War (1962-1970)-- Egypt sent troops to support the Yemeni Republican government against Royalist rebels supported by Saudi Arabia.
South Yemen War of Independence (1963-1967)--Known to the British as the Aden Emergency. Britain granted independence to South Yemen in 1967.
Yemen War (1972)--Border war between the Republican nation of North Yemen, and the Marxist nation of South Yemen
Yemen War (1979)--Border war between the Republican nation of North Yemen, and the Marxist nation of South Yemen
South Yemen Civil War (1986)--Civil war among South Yemen's ruling Communist Party. This war left 5,000 dead, destroyed $500 million dollars worth of Soviet-supplied weaponry, and caused a major shift in leadership that eventually helped lead to unification with North Yemen in 1990
Yemen Civil War (1994)--The Marxist South Yemenis attempted to secede from the newly united Yemen. The government crushed the southern rebellion, leaving 10,000 dead.
Eritrean-Yemeni Border Conflict/Hanish Islands Conflict (1995)
Sa'dah Insurgency (2004-Present)---In 2004, the Sa'dah Insurgency began in the northwestern tip of Yemen, with the Islamic cleric Hussein Badreddin al-Houthi, the leader of the Shiite Zaidiyyah sect, launched an uprising against the Yemeni government.
Following a bloody war which ended in 1932, the new kingdom of Saudi Arabia concluded a peace treaty with it's southern neighbor, Yemen. This agreement, called the Taif Treaty, delineated their common border, though disputes have flared up over the years. Apparently, the official reasons for this current round of border fighting relates to disputes over who owns certain islands in the Red Sea.
However, it is also known that the monarchist Kingdom of Saudi Arabia is rather uncomfortable with Yemen's experiment with democracy (Yemen is the only nation on the Arabian Peninsula with a democratic style government). Allegations have been made that Saudi Arabia is attempting to sabotage this democratic regime through military intimidation as well as aiding internal strife within Yemen. (See Yemen Tribal Uprising (1998)
Links and Resources:
CIA Factbook on Country or conflict --Click on the country name (Yemen) at this site.
Southern Yemen totters dangerously on the edge of secession--Lebanon Daily Star, June 11, 2009
Security Incidents in Yemen, 1998--From the Al-bab website.
South Yemen New Thinking in a Marxist Land--Time Magazine, 1989
Tiny Voices Defy Child Marriage in Yemen--June 29, 2008
Massive protest in south Yemen--by Jane Novak, for the Long War Journal, May 27, 2008
Yemen's Intifada--by Jane Novak, for the Long War Journal, January 2, 2008
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