Historyguy.com:

World War Two

  
Wars and Conflicts

of 1939:

The Eve of World War Two

 

 

Historyguy Politics Page

Historyguy Main Page

War and Conflict Journal--A weblog tracking wars and conflicts around the world.

World Biography.net--A companion website to the History Guy. Features on important individuals from around the world, both past and present.

The History Guy Bookstore-New feature of the History Guy website

Biofiles

   Biographical files on individuals who impact American politics, culture, business, education and other arenas of life in the United States.
   
 

Governments of the World

   Pages on the governmental systems of selected nations.

U.S. Politics   

United States national government and politics.

 What's New

The latest changes to the History Guy site.

About Us   

Information on the History Guy, the origin of the website, along with


Copyright © 1998-2009 Roger A. Lee and History Guy Media; Last Modified: 07.15.09

"The History Guy" is a Registered Trademark.

Links to Site

Wars and Conflicts of 1939

 

 

Sino-Japanese War (1937-1945)--Japanese war of aggression against China. American support of China in this war was a leading cause of the Japanese attack on Pearl Harbor in 1941.

Spanish Civil War (July 17, 1936-March 28, 1939) --Nationalist/Fascist rebel troops rebelled against the Leftish Republican government of Spain in 1936. Nazi Germany and Fascist Italy sent troops and other aid to help the Fascist General Francisco Franco. The Soviet Union aided the Leftist Spanish government forces. The war ended with Franco taking total control of Spain in 1939. Franco ruled Spain until his death in 1975.

Arab Revolt in Palestine (1936–1939)--Arab revolt against British rule and against the Jewish population in Palestine. This was a precursor to the Arab-Israeli wars which began in 1948.

German Occupation of Czechoslovakia (March 15, 1939) --German troops occupy the Czeck portion of Czechoslovakia. Hitler announces the "German Protectorate of Bohemia and Moravia." Czechoslovakia ceases to exist as a united nation until liberation in 1945.

German Occupation of Memel/Klaipeda (March 23,1939) --German troops occupy the the port region of Memel (called Klaipeda in Lithuanian), from the small Baltic nation of Lithuania. Lithuania surrendered the region peacefully, under threat of German military action if it did not give up the land and city of Meme. Memel was formerly German territory, but was awarded to Lithuania following World War One.

Slovak–Hungarian War (March 23, 1939-April 4, 1939)--Hungary, encouraged by Germany, picked a fight wtih the Slovak rump state left over after the German annexation of the Czech portion of Czechoslovakia. Hungary gained a stip of land from Slovakia.

Italian Invasion of Albania (April 7, 1939- April 12, 1939) --Italy conducted a brief, but successful invasion across the Straits of Tiran to seize control of Albania. During World War Two, Albanian partisan guerrillas would resist Italian and German occupation forces.

Ariostazo Coup Attempt (August 25, 1939) --A brief revolt of the Tacna artillery regiment of the army of Chile in South America, led by General Ariosto Herrera. The revolt failed. The coup attempt is named after the General (his first name). NOTE: One of the few conflicts in the world to take place in 1939 not related to World War Two.

Soviet-Japanese Border Wars (1938-1939)

Battle of Khalkhin Gol (May-September, 1939)--also known as the Nomonhan Incident. Very large and bloody battle (Soviet casualties: at least 7,974 killed and 15,251 wounded. Japanese casualties: 8,440 killed, with 8,766 wounded.) Some historians consider this battle very significant given that Stalin now knew his troops could handle the Japanese, and the Soviet victory at Khalkhin Gol ensured that Japan would not intervene when the Soviet Union joined the new European war in Poland on September 17, 1939.

German Invasion of Poland (September 1, 1939-October 6, 1939)--Germany invaded Poland on September 1, and Britain, France, and Canada, declared war on Germany on September 3. The Soviet Union joined the war on Germany's side on September 17, with the Soviet Invasion of Poland from the east. The German Invasion of Poland (called Operation Case White/Unternehmen Fall Weiss by the Germans), marks the beginning of World War Two in Europe. (NOTE: World War Two in Asia is generally considered to have begun with the Japanese Invasion of China in 1937)

Winter War (November 30, 1939-March 12, 1939)-Soviet Invasion of Finland. Finland refused to surrender border lands to the Soviet Union, resulting in the Soviet attack on Finland. Despite being heavily outnumbered, the Finns made the Soviets pay a huge price for the war.(Soviet casualties: 87,506 dead, 188,671 wounded, 39,369 captured and missing). Soviet ineptitude in this war helped convince Hitler that the German invasion of the Soviet Union in 1941 might succeed.

 

 

Links and Resources on the Wars of 1939:

1. Kohn, George C. Dictionary of Wars. New York: Facts On File Publications. 1986.

2. Marley, David F. Wars of the Americas: A Chronology of Armed Conflict in the New World, 1492 to the Present. Santa Barbara, California: ABC-CLIO, 1998.

3. Fagg, John E. Latin America: A General History, Second Edition. New York,New York: The MacMillan Co., 1971.

 

 

 

 

 

 Follow historyguycom on Twitter

Read the History Guy Weblog and the War and Conflict Journal--New

Iran War Scenario for April, 2008-posted April 9, 2008

Pakistan's Violent Political History Continues With Bhutto's Assassination--posted Dec. 27, 2007

Casualties in the Somali War--posted Dec. 2, 2007

Musharraf's Martial Law Endangers the War on Terror--posted on Nov. 4, 2007

Biography: Pervez Musharraf--posted on Nov.4, 2007

Kurds At War: Turkey, Iraq, and Iran--posted on October 22, 2007

Stormfront: The Consequences of September 11 and America's Wars Around the World--posted on Sept. 11, 2007

The Calm Before The Storm: The World of September 10, 2001--posted on Sept. 10, 2007

Mid-East War Fears: Israel Versus Syria Again?--posted on Aug. 14, 2007

France at War: French Victories and Defeats--posted May 11, 2007

America and France: A Long Relationship Spanning War and Peace--posted May 10, 2007

Cinco de Mayo, 1862: The Battle Of Puebla --posted May 5, 2007

The Long War on Terror: What is in a War's Name?--posted May 3, 2007

Turkey: To Coup, or not to Coup, that, is the question!--posted May 2, 2007

Canada's Afghan War--posted April 29, 2007.

New and Recent Conflicts of the World

Wars and Conflicts of Burma/Myanmar --The Wars and Conflicts of Burma/Myanmar from the Anglo-Burmese Wars to the pro-democracy Myanmar uprising of 2007.

Wars and Conflicts of Yemen (1914-Present)--NEW

Djibouti-Eritrea Border War (June, 2008)

Wars of Iran and Persia--Lists the wars and conflicts of Persia and Iran from the 18th Century to the present.

The 2007 Pro-Democracy Uprising in Myanmar--The current uprising in Myanmar.

North Lebanon Conflict (2007)--Fighting between the Lebanese government and a Jihadist Palestinian militia calling itself Fatah al-Islam.

bin Laden's Declaration of War Against the United States-- Long before 9/11, Osama bin Laden declared his hatred and his intent to harm America.

Current Wars of the World--A listing of current wars and conflicts around the world.

Military Coups in Turkey-A listing of military coups in modern Turkey (1960-1997).

Comparing America's Wars Duration in Months-A look at America's wars and comparing their length in months.

War in Afghanistan--Details on the origins of this ongoing war; part of the War on Terror

Ethiopia-Somalia War of 2006*New*--A brief description of the Ethiopia-Somalia War which began in 2006, and is a part of the larger Somali Civil War.

Ethiopia-Somali Wars and Conflicts*New*--Listing the wars and conflicts between Ethiopia and Somalia

Wars of Germany--The wars and conflicts of Germany from the Franco-Prussian War of 1870-1871 to the War in Afghanistan.

Iraq War: Links and Resources*New*--Links and resources on the Iraq War.

Iraq War: Prisoner Abuse and Abu Ghraib Links and Resources*New*--Links and resources on the Iraq War's biggest scandal.

Iraq War: Battles and Campaigns*New*--Links and resources on Iraq War battles and military operations.

Israel-Lebanon/Hezbollah War of 2006--*New*--Details and analysis on the warfare along the Lebanese border which began in July, 2006!

Israel-Lebanon Conflict--*New*--Background information on the decades-long warfare and conflict along the Israel/Lebanon border.

Israeli-Palestinian Conflict--*New*--Background information on the long-running warfare between Israel and the Palestinians!

Israeli-Palestinian Battles and Campaigns--*New*--Specific information on the warfare raids, battles, terrorist attacks, and retaliations between Israel and the Palestinians!

Waziristan War----The War on Terror expands to Pakistan's Northwest Frontier!

Hamas----The terrorist/resistance group now ruling the Palestinian Authority!

War in the Western Sahara--

Iraq War

Afghan War

Nepal Civil War

Wars of 2006--*--Wars and conflicts of 2006!