Wars and Conflicts
Sino-Japanese War (1937-1945)--Japanese war of
aggression against China. American support of China in
this war was a leading cause of the Japanese attack on
Harbor in 1941.
Spanish Civil War (July 17, 1936-March 28,
1939) --Nationalist/Fascist rebel troops rebelled against
the Leftish Republican government of Spain in 1936. Nazi
Germany and Fascist Italy sent troops and other aid to
help the Fascist General Francisco Franco. The Soviet
Union aided the Leftist Spanish government forces. The
war ended with Franco taking total control of Spain in
1939. Franco ruled Spain until his death in 1975.
Arab Revolt in Palestine (1936–1939)--Arab
revolt against British rule and against the Jewish
population in Palestine. This was a precursor to the
Arab-Israeli wars which began in 1948.
German Occupation of Czechoslovakia (March 15,
1939) --German troops occupy the Czeck portion of
Czechoslovakia. Hitler announces the "German Protectorate
of Bohemia and Moravia." Czechoslovakia ceases to exist
as a united nation until liberation in 1945.
German Occupation of Memel/Klaipeda (March
23,1939) --German troops occupy the the port region of
Memel (called Klaipeda in Lithuanian), from the small
Baltic nation of Lithuania. Lithuania surrendered the
region peacefully, under threat of German military action
if it did not give up the land and city of Meme. Memel
was formerly German territory, but was awarded to
Lithuania following World War One.
Slovak–Hungarian War (March 23, 1939-April
4, 1939)--Hungary, encouraged by Germany, picked a fight
wtih the Slovak rump state left over after the German
annexation of the Czech portion of Czechoslovakia.
Hungary gained a stip of land from Slovakia.
Italian Invasion of Albania (April 7, 1939-
April 12, 1939) --Italy conducted a brief, but successful
invasion across the Straits of Tiran to seize control of
Albania. During World War Two, Albanian partisan
guerrillas would resist Italian and German occupation
Ariostazo Coup Attempt (August 25, 1939) --A
brief revolt of the Tacna artillery regiment of the army
of Chile in South America, led by General Ariosto
Herrera. The revolt failed. The coup attempt is named
after the General (his first name). NOTE: One of the
few conflicts in the world to take place in 1939 not
related to World War Two.
Soviet-Japanese Border Wars (1938-1939)
Battle of Khalkhin Gol (May-September,
1939)--also known as the Nomonhan Incident. Very
large and bloody battle (Soviet casualties: at least
7,974 killed and 15,251 wounded. Japanese casualties:
8,440 killed, with 8,766 wounded.) Some historians
consider this battle very significant given that
Stalin now knew his troops could handle the Japanese,
and the Soviet victory at Khalkhin Gol ensured that
Japan would not intervene when the Soviet Union joined
the new European war in Poland on September 17, 1939.
German Invasion of Poland (September 1,
1939-October 6, 1939)--Germany invaded Poland on
September 1, and Britain, France, and Canada, declared
war on Germany on September 3. The Soviet Union joined
the war on Germany's side on September 17, with the
Soviet Invasion of Poland from the east. The
German Invasion of Poland (called Operation Case
White/Unternehmen Fall Weiss by the Germans), marks the
beginning of World War Two in Europe. (NOTE: World War
Two in Asia is generally considered to have begun with
the Japanese Invasion of China in 1937)
Winter War (November 30, 1939-March 12,
1939)-Soviet Invasion of Finland. Finland refused to
surrender border lands to the Soviet Union, resulting in
the Soviet attack on Finland. Despite being heavily
outnumbered, the Finns made the Soviets pay a huge price
for the war.(Soviet casualties: 87,506 dead, 188,671
wounded, 39,369 captured and missing). Soviet ineptitude
in this war helped convince Hitler that the German
invasion of the Soviet Union in 1941 might succeed.
Links and Resources
on the Wars of 1939:
1. Kohn, George C.
of Wars. New
York: Facts On File Publications. 1986.
2. Marley, David F.
Wars of the Americas: A Chronology of Armed Conflict
in the New World, 1492 to the Present. Santa Barbara,
California: ABC-CLIO, 1998.
3. Fagg, John E. Latin
America: A General History, Second Edition. New
York,New York: The MacMillan Co., 1971.
the History Guy Weblog and the
and Conflict Journal--New
War Scenario for April,
2008-posted April 9,
Violent Political History Continues With
Dec. 27, 2007
in the Somali
War--posted Dec. 2,
Martial Law Endangers the War on
Nov. 4, 2007
At War: Turkey, Iraq, and
October 22, 2007
The Consequences of September 11 and America's
Wars Around the
Sept. 11, 2007
Calm Before The Storm: The World of September
10, 2001--posted on
Sept. 10, 2007
War Fears: Israel Versus Syria
Aug. 14, 2007
at War: French Victories and
and France: A Long Relationship Spanning War and
Peace--posted May 10,
de Mayo, 1862: The Battle Of
Puebla --posted May
Long War on Terror: What is in a War's
Name?--posted May 3,
To Coup, or not to Coup, that, is the
April 29, 2007.
and Recent Conflicts of the
and Conflicts of Burma/Myanmar
--The Wars and Conflicts
of Burma/Myanmar from the Anglo-Burmese Wars to the
pro-democracy Myanmar uprising of 2007.
and Conflicts of Yemen
Border War (June, 2008)
of Iran and
Persia--Lists the wars
and conflicts of Persia and Iran from the 18th
Century to the present.
2007 Pro-Democracy Uprising in
current uprising in Myanmar.
the Lebanese government and a Jihadist Palestinian
militia calling itself Fatah al-Islam.
Laden's Declaration of War Against the United
States-- Long before
9/11, Osama bin Laden declared his hatred and his
intent to harm America.
Wars of the World--A
listing of current wars and conflicts around the
Coups in Turkey-A
listing of military coups in modern Turkey
America's Wars Duration in
Months-A look at
America's wars and comparing their length in
on the origins of this ongoing war; part of the War
War of 2006*New*--A
brief description of the Ethiopia-Somalia War which
began in 2006, and is a part of the larger Somali
Wars and Conflicts*New*--Listing
the wars and conflicts between Ethiopia and
wars and conflicts of Germany from the
Franco-Prussian War of 1870-1871 to the War in
War: Links and
and resources on the Iraq War.
War: Prisoner Abuse and Abu Ghraib Links and
and resources on the Iraq War's biggest
War: Battles and
and resources on Iraq War battles and military
and analysis on the warfare along the Lebanese
border which began in July, 2006!
information on the decades-long warfare and
conflict along the Israel/Lebanon
information on the long-running warfare between
Israel and the Palestinians!
information on the warfare raids, battles,
terrorist attacks, and retaliations between Israel
and the Palestinians!
War on Terror expands to Pakistan's Northwest
terrorist/resistance group now ruling the
in the Western
and conflicts of 2006!