Background: India and
Pakistan are old enemies, having fought multiple wars against each
other. (See India-Pakistan
Wars) The main
source of conflict between them is the issue of a region known as
Jammu-Kashmir. Both sides claim rightful ownership, and each side
controls a portion of this region. An internal insurgency began in
Indian-controlled Kashmir in the late 1980s, but that insurgency has
enjoyed significant aid from Pakistan, which has led to frequent
border fighting between India and Pakistan, and one significant named
war between them, the Kargil War of 1999.
Map-India and Pakistan
In February of 2019, a
significant incident took place that has brought the two
nuclear-armed foes to the brink of war. Here is the timeline of the
2019 India-Pakistan Conflict.
2019-Terrorist Bombing in Kashmir-Indian military convoy hit by a
vehicle in a suicide bombing attack. The attack killed 40 Indian
troops, and wounded 35 more. The Pakistan-based Islamist militant
group Jaish-e-Mohammed claimed responsibility for the attack. The
attack took place in the Pulwama district of Indian-administered
Jammu and Kashmir.
The Indian government,
which was preparing for national elections about two months away,
vowed to hold Pakistan responsible for the attack.
February 18, 2019-India
Captures Jaish Terrorist Leader-Indian security forces in Kashmir
conducted anti-terror raids on local militants, capturing a Pakistani
national who India claimed was the mastermind behind the Pulwama
bombing attack and a leader in the Jaish-e-Mohammed group.
February 26, 2019-
Indian Air Strike and Mortar Fire Along Border-Twelve Mirage 2000
jets of the Indian Air Force crossed the Line of Control (the border
between the Pakistani and Indian controlled parts of Kashmir)
dropping bombs into Balakot, Pakistan at a location that India
claimed held a Jaish-e-Mohammed training camp. India claimed that
their bombing run and killed, between 300 and 350 Jaish-e-Mohammed
terrorists. Pakistan claimed that the bombs fell into empty fields.
Pakistani warplanes responded to the air raid. This attack on Balakot
was the first air strike into national territory (other than in
Kashmir) since the 1971 Indo-Pakistani War.
In addition to the air
strike, border clashes occurred with mortar attacks and small-arms
fire, with Pakistan reporting the death of four civilians and the
wounding of 11 more civilians.
February 27, 2019-Air
Strikes, Indian Plane Shot Down, and Artillery Fire Along
Border-Pakistan retaliated with an air strike of its own, sending
six warplanes to conduct air attacks inside Indian-controlled
Kashmir. Indian warplanes followed the Pakistanis back across the
Line of Control, where at least one Indian plane was shot down. The
Indian military also claimed to have shot down a Pakistani plane. The
Indian pilot, Wing Commander Abhinandan Varthaman, was captured
continued along the border, with India reporting that ten of its
soldiers were wounded in the fighting.
March 1, 2019-Pilot
Released but Artillery Fire Continues-Pakistan released the
captured Indian pilot, but then only hours later, both India and
Pakistan engaged in artillery battles along the border, causing
casualties on both sides.
March 2, 2019-Artillery
Fire Continues-Artillery fire continued along the border as each
side fired at the other. Civilian and military casualties were
reported by both sides.
March 3, 2019-Militants,
Security Officers Die in Kashmir-In a security operation begun on
Friday, March 1, a 56-hour standoff in the Babagund area in Kashmir
ended with five Indian security troops, two separatist militants, and
a civilian dead.
Both India and Pakistan
report the Line of Control border area was quiet.