Abd al-Majid al-Tikriti -
(1937-2006 )-- Dictator
of Iraq from 1979-2003, Saddam Hussein waged war on his own
nation's Shiite and Kurdish populations, invaded neighboring Iran
and Kuwait, and attempted to build up an arsenal of nuclear,
biological and chemical weapons. This buildup, as well as his
ongoing difficulties with the United States, resulted in the
of Iraq in 2003
and his fall from power. After his eventual capture and trial,
Saddam was put to death on December 30, 2006.
April 28, 1937 -
Saddam Hussein Abd al-Majid al-Tikriti is born in a village near
Tikrit, north of Baghdad.
1957 - Joins underground
Baath Socialist Party.
1958 - Arrested for
killing his brother-in-law, a Communist. Spends six months in
prison. (The Baath and the Communist Party were
Oct. 7, 1959 - Saddam
was part of a Baath Party assassination team that ambushed Iraqi
dictator Gen. Abdel-Karim Kassem in Baghdad, wounding him. Saddam,
wounded in leg, fled to Syria and then to Egypt.
Feb. 8, 1963 - Returns
after Baath takes part in coup that overthrows and kills
July 30, 1968 - Becomes
chief of internal security under President Ahmed Hassan al-Bakr,
July 16, 1979 - Takes
over as president from al-Bakr, and launched a major purge of
Baath members, ordering nearly two dozen executed.
Sept. 22, 1980 -
troops into Iran; war lasts eight
March 28, 1988 - Uses
chemical weapons against Kurdish town of Halabja, killing
estimated 5,000 civilians.
Aug. 2, 1990 -
Kuwait, but sees his army driven out by U.S.-led coalition five
Feb. 20, 1996 - Orders
killing of his two sons-in-law who had defected to Jordan but who
foolishly returned to Baghdad after receiving guarantees of
Nov. 27, 2002 - Under
U.N. threat of "serious consequences," allows U.N. weapons experts
back into the country.
March 17, 2003 - Gets
48-hour deadline from President George W. Bush to surrender
political power in Iraq and to go into exile. The Invasion of Iraq
began three days later.
July 22, 2003 - Saddam's
sons, Qusai and Odai, are killed in a gunbattle with American
soldiers in northern Iraq.
Dec. 13, 2003 - Saddam
is captured while hiding in hole in ground near his birthplace of
July 1, 2004 - Arraigned
before judge, rejects charges of war crimes and
Oct. 19, 2005 - Saddam
goes on trial with seven co-defendants and is charged in 1982
killings of 148 Shiite Muslims. The executions of the Shiites came
after an unsuccessful attempt to assassinate him in Dujail.
March 1, 2006 - Admits
ordering trial of 148 Shiites eventually executed, but insists
doing so was legal.
April 4, 2006 - Faces
new criminal charges, for second trial with six others, in
connection with brutal 1987-1988 crackdown on Kurds in northern
June 19, 2006 - Hears
prosecution demand death penalty in closing arguments at Dujail
trial, saying he showed "no mercy" in the killings of women and
Nov. 5, 2006 - Saddam
remained defiant as the tribunal in the first trial announced a
guilty verdict and sentences him to hang.
Dec. 26, 2006 - Iraq's
highest court rejects appeal of conviction, saying Saddam must be
hanged within 30 days.
Dec. 30, 2006 - Saddam
is executed by hanging at the age of 69.
of Saddam Hussein
'Abd al-Majid Father
(Wed in 1963)
Wife (Wed in 1986)
and Resources on the Saddam Hussein