list currently covers Middle Eastern wars and conflicts
from the 1948 Arab-Israeli War to the Present, along with
other conflicts involving Middle Eastern nations For the
purposes of this list, the Middle East comprises Egypt,
Israel, Palestine, Jordan, Syria, Lebanon, Turkey, Iran,
Iraq, Kuwait, Qatar, Bahrain, the United Arab Emirates,
Oman, Yemen, and Saudi Arabia.
War of Independence (1948-1949)--Upon
Israel's declaration of independence, Egypt, Transjordan,
Syria, Iraq, Lebanon, and Saudi Arabia join the local
Palestinian militias in attacking Israel.
France, and Britain invade Egypt. U.S. and Soviet
pressure force a cease-fire and allied withdrawal from
General Abdul Karim el Qassim overthrows the royal
government of King Faisal II. Both the king and Prime
Minister Nouri al Said are killed. Qassim soon withdrew
Iraq from the pro-Western Baghdad Pact and established
friendly relations with the Soviet Union.
Civil War (1958)-Lebanon's
Christian and Muslim communities engaged in civil
conflict. The United States landed troops in the country
to halt the fighting.
communist militia , called the People's Resistance Force,
violently suppressed an anti-Qassim Sunni Army faction
made up mostly of junior officers.
(Iraq) Violence -(1959)--Pro-Qassim(pro-Communist)
Kurds and People's Resistance Force killed ethnic
Turkomen in Kirkuk .
Kurdish Revolt—(1961-1970)–After a period of relative calm, Iraqi
government promises of Kurdish autonomy, or self-rule,
went unfulfilled, sparking discontent and eventual
rebellion among the Kurds in 1961.
Yemen Civil War (1966-1970)-Royalist
rebels fought to overthrow the "Republican" government.
Egypt sent troops to help the government, while Saudi
Arabia aided the rebels.
Rebellion in Oman (1960's-1970's)-Marxist
rebels, aided by South Yemen, fought against the
conservative, pro-western Omani government. The Shah of
Iran sent troops to help fight the rebels, and Britain
supplied officers for the the Omani army. The rebels were
defeated in the early 1970s.\
launched a pre-emptive attack on Egypt, Jordan, and
Syria. The Iraqi air force was also attacked by
War of Attrition (1968-1970)--Border
war between Egypt and Israel. Basically an extension of
their fighting in the Six-Day War.
Civil War (1970)-The
Jordanian government expelled the Palestine Liberation
Orgaination, partly to end Israels's excuse for continual
raids and invasions of Jordan to fight the PLO. Syria
sent troops to aid the PLO. Despite that aid, the PLO was
forced to move to Lebanon.
Kippur [or Ramadan] War
and Syria launch a surprise attack on Israel on the
Jewish holiday of Yom Kippur. The attack is also on the
Muslim holiday of Ramadan. Iraq sent troops to aid the
Kurdish Revolt -(March,
1974)-–In March, 1974, Kurdish rebels led by Mullah
Mustafa Barzani (having survived an assassination
attempt) rebelled against the government. The Kurds
felt that the government was not living up to the
agreement which ended the previous revolt.
Civil War (1975-1990)-When
the PLO moved to Lebanon, it helped upset the balance
between the Christian and Muslim communities in Lebanon.
When civil war broke out, the PLO sided with the several
Muslim militias, and Israel aided the Christians. Syria
sent troops as part of an Arab League force to stop the
fighting. Syrian forces finally withdrew from Lebanon in
April of 2005.
Border War (June
conflict between Egypt and Libya.
Jalal Talabani formed the Patriotic Union of Kurdistan
(PUK)-urban-based and leftist) in opposition the
Barzani-led Kurdish Democratic Party (KDP).
Shia unrest in Karbala -(February,
by the Saddam regime. Under Saddam Hussein, the Shiites
(Shia) were a persecuted religious group, both despite
the fact, and because of, their numerical majority in the
border war between Saudi-allied North Yemen and
Soviet-allied South Yemen turned into a superpower
confrontation as Saudi Arabia's ally, the United States,
sought to end a war which quickly favored the Marxist
South Yemanis. Both sides agreed to a
Persian Gulf War (1980-1988)-Iran
vs. Iraq-also involved U.S. and Kuwait.
Tanker War" (1987-1988)-This
is the component of the First Persian Gulf War that
involved the U.S. and Kuwait. In an attempt to halt
Kuwaiti aid for Iraq, as well as Iraqi oil sales and
deliveries, Iran attacked oil tankers in the Gulf. The
U.S. stepped in to protect the Kuwaiti ships and came
engaged in combat with Iran's Navy and Revolutionary
Guards. Also known by the U.S. code-name "Operation
–Israeli war planes bomb the Osiraq nuclear reactor
under construction in Iraq.
Invasion of Lebanon (1982-1984)-Also
involved Syria and the PLO.
Border War (1984-2000)-Also
involved Syria , the PLO and Lebanese militia's such as
Yemen Civil War (1986)--Civil
War in Marxist South Yemen between different factions in
the ruling Marxist government. More than 10,000 died in a
week of fighting.
First Intifada (Dec.
uprising by the Palestinians in the territories occupied
by Israel in the 1967 War. This conflict concluded with
the Oslo Accords, which set up a timetable for
Palestinian nationhood and called for the establishment
of the Palestinian Authority, with PLO Chairman Yassir
Arafat as President.
Persian Gulf War(1990-1991)
United States, Saudi Arabia, Syria, Egypt, Britain,
France, Oman, Qatar, UAE vs. Iraq
by the sudden defeat of Saddam’s forces in Kuwait
and spurred by appeals by President George H. W. Bush of
the U.S., Kurds rose up against the Iraqi
government With the bulk of his elite forces having
escaped from the fighting in Kuwait and southern Iraq,
Saddam was able to smash the revolt, causing hundreds of
thousands of Kurdish refugees to flee into neighboring
Turkey and Iran to escape.
Shiite Revolt—(1991)– Encouraged by the stunning defeat of
Saddam’s forces in Kuwait and spurred by appeals by
President George H. W. Bush of the U.S., the Shiites of
southern Iraq rose up against the Iraqi government, only
to be crushed by Saddam’s forces. Sporadic guerrilla
resistance continued, with the bulk of the Shiite
fighting forces seeking refuge in neighboring Shiite
conflict between the United States and irregular forces
led by Osama bin Laden. The violence has also involved
Kenya, Tanzania, Sudan, Yemen and Afghanistan.
Second Intifada (Sept.
urban guerrilla/terrorist conflict between the
Palestinians and Israel. Marked by suicide bombings,
recurring Israeli invasions of Palestinian cities and
Palestinian guerrilla attacks on Isreaeli settlements and
Persian Gulf War(2003-2011)-The
second major war between the United States-led coalition
and the Middle Eastern nation of Iraq. Military members
of the initial invasion coalition also include the United
Kingdom, Poland, and Australia.
20, 2007- September 2, 2007)--This
conflict began in May, 2007, when the Lebanese Army began
a siege of the Nahr al-Bared refugee camp in order to
drive out a militant Islamic militia called Fatah
War(2008-2009)--Israel invades Hamas-ruled Gaza in an
attempt to stop frequent missile attacks on Israel by