of American Military Intervention in Second Libyan Civil War (vs.
The History of Libya actually goes back to
Biblical times and to the days of the Romans. Modern Libya has
only been a nation since indpendence in the years after World War
Two. Below are the more recent wars and conflicts in Libyan
history (1800 to the present).
War (1801-1805)--Also known in the
West as the Tripolitanian
War, this was a war between Tripoli and the United States. From
this conflict, the United States Marine Corps Hymn uses the phrase
"From the Shores of Tripoli..."
Italo-Turkish War of
conquers Libya in a war against the Turks.
World War Two
(1940-1943 in Libya)--Although
Libya was occupied by Fascist Italy during World War Two, Libya
was a battleground between the Italians and Germans on one side,
and the British, Americans, and other Allies on the other side.
Most of the fighting took place along Libya's Meditterranean
Libyan Incursion into the
Aouzou Strip (1954)-King Idris sent the
Libyan military into northern Chad to claim ownership of this
region. French colonial forces (Chad was still a French colony)
d'etat (Sept. 1, 1969)--The coup led by
Colonel Muammar Khaddafi ended the monarchy, and began 42 years of
rule by Khaddafi. NOTE: the warlord leading one faction in the
2019 version of the Libyan wars is General Khalifa Haftar. As a
junior officer, Hafter participated in the coup that brought
Khaddafi to power.
1973 Arab-Israeli War
(1973)-Libya sent a small military force to
aid the Egyptians in the 1973 war.
Military Coup Attempt
(1975)-Failed attempt to overthrow
brief four-day border war between Libya and Egypt.
Libyan Intervention in
(1978-1979)-Khadaffi was allied to the
Ugandan dictator, Idi Amin Dada. Amin made the mistake of
attacking his much larger neighbor, Tanzania, who then proceeded
to not only kick Ugandan troops from their soil, but then invaded
Uganda themselves. Libya sent troops to help the Ugandan Army
fight the Tanzanians, but Amin ended up having to flee. Libya had
backed the losing side.
Libyan invasion of Chad
(occupation of Aouzou Strip) (1979)-In
an ongoing border dispute, Libya sent troops to occupy the region
of Chad called the Aouzou Strip.
Tobruk Army Revolt
(1980)-Failed rebellion against
First Gulf of Sidra Incident
(August 19, 1981)-Clash between U.S.
warplanes and the Libyan military over the Gulf of
Libyan invasion of Chad
Libyan/French Conflict in
Chad (1983-1984)-Part of the long
Chad-Libya Conflict, France intervened to help Chad repel a Libyan
invasion. The French military refer to this as Operation
of the National Front for the Salvation of
Libya (NFSL) attacked Khaddafi's compound in Tripoli, in an
attempt to kill him. The attack failed, causing about 80
U.S. Air raid against
Tripoli and Benghazi (1986)-In response
to a terrorist attack on Americans in Berlin, the United States
retaliated against Libya with airstrikes directed at the Khaddafi
regime. The U.S. operation was called Operation El Dorado
(1986-1987)-The last part of the the
long Chad-Libya Conflict. Chadian forces (using Toyota trucks and
a lot of other weapons supplied by the U.S. and France), wipe out
large parts of the Libyan Army in northern Chad.
Second Gulf of Sidra
Incident (January 4, 1989)--Second
clash between U.S. warplanes and the Libyan military over the Gulf
(1996) -Military revolt
in eastern Libya, led by Khalifa Hifter. The revolt
15, 2011--Protests against the Libyan government began,
leading to an open revolt agains Khaddafi's rule. As the rebels
grew stronger and gained more territory, the revolt became a civil
war. NATO intervened on the side of the rebels in March, 2011,
which helped the rebels take Tripoli. Khadaffi was killed in the
war. Also, General Khalifa
Haftar had returned
from his exile in America and was a leading officer on the rebel
Intervention Began: March 19, 2011
Second Libyan Civil
Government of National Accord (GNA) battles against various
factions and militias, including the Islamic State. The U.S. and
allied nations joined the war officially in August, 2016 to fight
ISIS in the city of Sirte.
The Western Offensive of 2019 began in April,
2019 as the forces of General Khalifa Haftar seized parts of
southeastern Libya and then began an offensive ot take control of
Tripoli from the GNA government. The GNA is supported by the
United Nations, but Haftar's side is aided by Egypt, France, the
UAE, and, to a certain extent, by Russia.