Criteria: A nation
is on this list if they have lost three or more inter-state wars in a
century OR they lost a half million troops and/or
civilian casualties in a single losing inter-state war.
Nations which were
ultimately on the winning side in the World Wars, such as Rumania in
the First World War,or France and Poland in the Second World War, are
counted as losing. In each case, they were defeated in their military
confrontations with Germany and occupied until liberated by their
allies. Though they were ultimately on the winning side, they did
temporarily lose their freedom as a result of military defeat and
Note: Civil Wars do
not count for this list, but colonial conflicts do count. For
example, if the French fought a civil war among themselves, that
would not count for this list, but if they lost a war against a
colony seeking independence, as they did against Vietnam and Algeria,
that would count as a defeat.
War (1905)-Russia lost to Japan.
First World War
(1914-1918)--Even though Russia belonged to the Allies from
the beginning of the war, after the Communist revolution, the new
government made a separate peace with Germany and surrendered huge
tracts of land to the enemy.
(1979-1989)--The Soviet Union did not militarily defeat the
(1946-1991)-The Soviet Union lost the long Cold War and fell
(1994-1996) Post-Soviet Russia gave up trying to subdue the
rebellious Muslim region of Chechnya.
(1956)--Even though France and her allies, Britain and Israel,
enjoyed military success, political factors forced the allies to
withdraw from Egypt. France and Britain did not achieve their war
goals. See also Wars
Guinea-Bissau War of
Independence (1962-1975)--Note--Portugal decided to grant
independence to these rebellious colonies following an internal
military coup in 1974.
First World War
(1914-1918)--Even though Serbia belonged to the winning side,
the nation suffered military defeat in 1914, and occupation by
Germany, Austria-Hungary, and Bulgaria until 1918, when the Allies
defeated the Central Powers.
World War (1941-1945)--Even
though Yugoslavia belonged to the winning side, the nation
suffered military defeat in 1941, and occupation by Germany,
Italy, and Bulgaria until 1945, when the Allies defeated the
(1998-1999)--NATO forced Serbia to give up control of the
province of Kosovo
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