This treaty between Nazi Germany and the Soviet Union
set the stage for the German invasion of Poland a week
later, which was the opening round of World War Two in
Europe. The second part of this treaty remained secret,
and called for the division of Eastern Europe between
Hitler and Stalin.
Text of the Nazi-Soviet
The Government of the German Reich and The Government
of the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics desirous of
strengthening the cause of peace between Germany and the
U.S.S.R., and proceeding from the fundamental provisions
of the Neutrality Agreement concluded in April, 1926
between Germany and the U.S.S.R., have reached the
Article I. Both High Contracting Parties obligate
themselves to desist from any act of violence, any
aggressive action, and any attack on each other, either
individually or jointly with other Powers.
Article II. Should one of the High Contracting Parties
become the object of belligerent action by a third Power,
the other High Contracting Party shall in no manner lend
its support to this third Power.
Article III. The Governments of the two High
Contracting Parties shall in the future maintain
continual contact with one another for the purpose of
consultation in order to exchange information on problems
affecting their common interests.
Article IV. Should disputes or conflicts arise between
the High Contracting Parties shall participate in any
grouping of Powers whatsoever that is directly or
indirectly aimed at the other party.
Article V. Should disputes or conflicts arise between
the High Contracting Parties over problems of one kind or
another, both parties shall settle these disputes or
conflicts exclusively through friendly exchange of
opinion or, if necessary, through the establishment of
Article VI. The present Treaty is concluded for a
period of ten years, with the proviso that, in so far as
one of the High Contracting Parties does not advance it
one year prior to the expiration of this period, the
validity of this Treaty shall automatically be extended
for another five years.
Article VII. The present treaty shall be ratified
within the shortest possible time. The ratifications
shall be exchanged in Berlin. The Agreement shall enter
into force as soon as it is signed.
[The section below was not published at the
time the above was announced.]
Secret Additional Protocol.
Article I. In the event of a territorial and political
rearrangement in the areas belonging to the Baltic States
(Finland, Estonia, Latvia, Lithuania), the northern
boundary of Lithuania shall represent the boundary of the
spheres of influence of Germany and U.S.S.R. In this
connection the interest of Lithuania in the Vilna area is
recognized by each party.
Article II. In the event of a territorial and
political rearrangement of the areas belonging to the
Polish state, the spheres of influence of Germany and the
U.S.S.R. shall be bounded approximately by the line of
the rivers Narev, Vistula and San.
The question of whether the interests of both parties
make desirable the maintenance of an independent Polish
States and how such a state should be bounded can only be
definitely determined in the course of further political
In any event both Governments will resolve this
question by means of a friendly agreement.
Article III. With regard to Southeastern Europe
attention is called by the Soviet side to its interest in
Bessarabia. The German side declares its complete
political disinteredness in these areas.
Article IV. This protocol shall be treated by both
parties as strictly secret.
Moscow, August 23, 1939.
For the Government of the German Reich v.
Plenipotentiary of the Government of the U.S.S.R. V.