This treaty supplemented the
pre-existing German-Japanese Agreement and the
Anti-Comintern Pact, both signed in 1936, and helped heal
a split that formed between Japan and Germany with the
Molotov-Ribbentrop Pact signed by Germany and the Soviet
Union in 1939.
The Tripartite Pact was later joined
by minor Axis powers Hungary (November 20, 1940), Romania
(November 23, 1940), Slovakia (November 24, 1940),
Bulgaria (March 1, 1941, ), Yugoslavia (March 25, 1941),
and Croatia (June 15, 1941).
Text of the Tripartite Pact of 1940 (English
The Tripartite Pact between
Japan, Germany, and Italy, 1940
The Governments of Japan, Germany, and
Italy consider it the prerequisite of a lasting peace
that every nation in the world shall receive the space to
which it is entitled. They have, therefore, decided to
stand by and cooperate with one another in their efforts
in the regions of Europe and Greater East Asia
respectively. In doing this it is their prime purpose to
establish and maintain a new order of things, calculated
to promote the mutual prosperity and welfare of the
peoples concerned. It is, furthermore, the desire of the
three Governments to extend cooperation to nations in
other spheres of the world that are inclined to direct
their efforts along lines similar to their own for the
purpose of realizing their ultimate object, world peace.
Accordingly, the Governments of Japan, Germany and Italy
have agreed as follows:
ARTICLE 1. Japan recognizes and
respects the leadership of Germany and Italy in the
establishment of a new order in Europe.
ARTICLE 2. Germany and Italy recognize
and respect the leadership of Japan in the establishment
of a new order in Greater East Asia.
ARTICLE 3. Japan, Germany, and Italy
agree to cooperate in their efforts on aforesaid lines.
They further undertake to assist one another with all
political, economic and military means if one of the
Contracting Powers is attacked by a Power at present not
involved in the European War or in the Japanese-Chinese
ARTICLE 4. With a view to implementing
the present pact, joint technical commissions, to be
appointed by the respective Governments of Japan, Germany
and Italy, will meet without delay.
ARTICLE 5. Japan, Germany and Italy
affirm that the above agreement affects in no way the
political status existing at present between each of the
three Contracting Powers and Soviet Russia.
ARTICLE 6. The present pact shall
become valid immediately upon signature and shall remain
in force ten years from the date on which it becomes
effective. In due time, before the expiration of said
term, the High Contracting Parties shall, at the request
of any one of them, enter into negotiations for its