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Herschel Grynszpan--17-year old
German-born Polish Jew who assassinated the German Third
Secretary in the German Embassy in Paris on November 7,
1938. This killing gave Hitler the excuse to launch
against German Jews. His
family had been attacked by Hitler's supporters and he
sought revenge. It is believed that Grynszpan (Greenspan
in English), died in a German concentration camp during
Commodore Henry Harwood (1888-1950)--British
commander of the ships that defeated the Graf Spee at the
of the River Plate
Hirohito (1901-1989) --The 124th emperor of
Japan, reigning from December 25, 1926, until his death
in 1989. He was the Monarch of Japan during World War
Two. Hirohito gave the direct order to surrender after
the Atomic bombs fell.
leader during World War Two.
Admiral Husband Kimmel -(1882-1968)-
Commander-in-Chief of the United States Pacific Fleet at
Pearl Harbor at the time of the Japanese attack. Much of
the blame for the unpreparedness of the defenses in
Hawaii were put on Short, and he was relieved of his
command and demoted ten days after the Pearl
Captain Hans Langsdorff (1894-1939) --Commander of
the German Pocket Battleship, the Admiral Graf
Benito Mussolini (1883-1945) --Dictator of
Italy from 1922 to his death in April, 1945.
Admiral Chuichi Nagumo
(1887-1944)--Commander-in-chief of the First Air Fleet of
the Japanese Imperial Navy in 1941, Nagumo led the attack
on Pearl Harbor. He also commanded Japanese naval forces
in the Bombing of Darwin, Australia (1942), Midway
(1942), Guadalcanal (1942-1943), and Saipan (1944). As
his forces faced defeat at Saipan, Nagumo killed himsef
with a gunshot to the head.
George S. Patton
(1885-1945) --U.S. Army general and commander of the
U.S. Third Army
Hideki Tojo (1884 -1948) was a general in the
Imperial Japanese Army, and the Prime Minister of Japan
during much of World War II, from October 18, 1941 to
July 22, 1944.
Victor Emmanuel III (1869 -1947) King of Italy
from 1900 to 1946.
Ernst vom Rath--German diplomat who was killed on
November 7, 1938 by a 17-year old German-born Polish Jew
in retaliation for Hitlerite attacks on the youth's
family. Vom Rath was a member of the National Socialist
Party and of the Hitler militia called the SA. His death
served as Hitler's excuse for launching the anti-Jewish
pogrom known as Kristallnacht.
General Walter Short (1880-1949)-U.S. Army
commander at Pearl Harbor at the time of the Japanese
attack. Much of the blame for the unpreparedness of the
defenses in Hawaii were put on Short, and he was relieved
of his command and demoted ten days after the
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