World War Two Biographies

General George Patton

Herschel Grynszpan--17-year old German-born Polish Jew who assassinated the German Third Secretary in the German Embassy in Paris on November 7, 1938. This killing gave Hitler the excuse to launch Kristallnacht against German Jews. His family had been attacked by Hitler's supporters and he sought revenge. It is believed that Grynszpan (Greenspan in English), died in a German concentration camp during the war.


Commodore Henry Harwood (1888-1950)--British commander of the ships that defeated the Graf Spee at the Battle of the River Plate


Hirohito (1901-1989) --The 124th emperor of Japan, reigning from December 25, 1926, until his death in 1989. He was the Monarch of Japan during World War Two. Hirohito gave the direct order to surrender after the Atomic bombs fell.


Adolf Hitler (1889-1945)-German leader during World War Two.


Admiral Husband Kimmel -(1882-1968)- Commander-in-Chief of the United States Pacific Fleet at Pearl Harbor at the time of the Japanese attack. Much of the blame for the unpreparedness of the defenses in Hawaii were put on Short, and he was relieved of his command and demoted ten days after the Pearl Harbor attack.


Captain Hans Langsdorff (1894-1939) --Commander of the German Pocket Battleship, the Admiral Graf Spee


Benito Mussolini (1883-1945) --Dictator of Italy from 1922 to his death in April, 1945.


Admiral Chuichi Nagumo (1887-1944)--Commander-in-chief of the First Air Fleet of the Japanese Imperial Navy in 1941, Nagumo led the attack on Pearl Harbor. He also commanded Japanese naval forces in the Bombing of Darwin, Australia (1942), Midway (1942), Guadalcanal (1942-1943), and Saipan (1944). As his forces faced defeat at Saipan, Nagumo killed himsef with a gunshot to the head.


General George S. Patton (1885-1945) --U.S. Army general and commander of the U.S. Third Army


Hideki Tojo (1884 -1948) was a general in the Imperial Japanese Army, and the Prime Minister of Japan during much of World War II, from October 18, 1941 to July 22, 1944.


Victor Emmanuel III (1869 -1947) King of Italy from 1900 to 1946.


Ernst vom Rath--German diplomat who was killed on November 7, 1938 by a 17-year old German-born Polish Jew in retaliation for Hitlerite attacks on the youth's family. Vom Rath was a member of the National Socialist Party and of the Hitler militia called the SA. His death served as Hitler's excuse for launching the anti-Jewish pogrom known as Kristallnacht.


General Walter Short (1880-1949)-U.S. Army commander at Pearl Harbor at the time of the Japanese attack. Much of the blame for the unpreparedness of the defenses in Hawaii were put on Short, and he was relieved of his command and demoted ten days after the Pearl Harbor attack.

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