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Ethiopia-Oromo Conflicts (1800's-Present)

Ethiopia-Oromo Conflicts—(1800s- Present):

Ethiopia is a nation made up of many different ethnic groups, one of which is the Oromo people. Ever since Emperor Menelik II used European weapons and tactics to conquer the Oromo in eastern and southern Ethiopia, a nearly continuous struggle has taken place. The Oromo Liberation Front is currently conducting a long guerrilla war against the Ethiopian government, and seems to be accepting aid from Eritrea and the Aideed faction in Somalia's ongoing civil wars. The OLF is also allied with the Ogaden National Liberation Front (ONLF) in Eastern Ethiopia.

PRIMARY NAME OF WAR OR CONFLICT
DATES OF CONFLICT
TYPE OF INTERNAL CONFLICT
NATIONS OR GROUPS INVOLVED IN THE CONFLICT

Abyssinian (Ethiopian) Conquest of the Oromo

Late 1800's -Early 1900's

Colonial Conquest

Abyssinia (Ethiopia) vs. Oromo tribes and confederations.

Rebellion against Haile Selassie

?-1935

Ethnic Rebellion

Ethiopian Government vs. Oromo Rebels

Oromo Resistance to Italian Invasion

1935?-1941

Colonial War

Italy vs. Ethiopia and Oromo Ethnic Group

 

Oromo Revolt

1941?

Ethnic Rebellion

Ethiopian Government and Great Britain vs. Oromo Rebels

Bale guerrilla movement

1963-1972

Ethnic/Guerrilla Rebellion

Ethiopian Government vs. Oromo Rebels

OLF War (1973-Present)

1973?-Present

Ethnic/Guerrilla Rebellion

Ethiopian Government vs. Oromo Liberation Front (OLF)

PREDECESSOR: (Related conflicts and events that occurred before)
Somali Border Wars with Ethiopia and Kenya (1964-1967)

Oromo Insurgency in Ethiopia (1973-Present)

Ogaden War (1977-1978)

Somali Civil War (1990-Present)

 

CONCURRENT: (Related conflicts occurring at the same time)

Oromo Insurgency in Ethiopia (1973-Present)

Global War on Terror (2001-Present)

Iraq War (2003-Present)

Ethiopian Intervention in Somalia (2006-2009)  

Ogaden rebels destroy Ethiopian military convoy en route to Somalia--Sunday December 24, 2006

Ethiopia denies Ogaden blockade --BBC, August 2, 2007

Ethiopian Intervention in Somalia --Wikipedia article

Central, Eastern, & Southern Africa Database : Somalia, 1980-1996--By Court Chick & Albert Grandolini, with Tom Cooper & Sander Peeters--Sept. 2, 2003

Oromo Liberation Front Website

Ogaden rebels destroy Ethiopian military convoy en route to Somalia--Sunday December 24, 2006

Central, Eastern, & Southern Africa Database : Somalia, 1980-1996--By Court Chick & Albert Grandolini, with Tom Cooper & Sander Peeters--Sept. 2, 2003

Oromo people struggle for independence--By Jaraa Aba Sabaa, in Green Left Weekly, 6 May, 1996.
 
Ethnologue: Languages of the World: Ethiopia--A listing of the many ethnic groups within Ethiopia.

Somaliland: From Clan Dictatorship To Self-Determination--An article about the breakaway nation of Somaliland. Contains good background information regarding Horn of Africa conflicts and history since the 1960's.

Somaliland: Fiercely Independent--Article from the African-American Institute.


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