The Ethiopia-Somalia War (2006-2009)

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The Harper Encyclopedia of Military History: From 3500 B.C. to the Present
The Ethiopia-Somalia War (2006-2009)

The Ethiopia-Somalia War(2006- Present): In the latest phase of the long Somali Civil War, Ethiopia intervened in late 2006 to aid the internationally-recognized Somali government based in the city of Baidoa. The Transitional Government of Somalia (TGS) is oppossed by the Islamic Courts Union (ICU), an Islamist group which seized control of the national capital of Mogadushu earlier in 2006 from a coalition of warlords.

Ethiopia intervened largely to prevent Islamist forces from gaining full control of Somalia. The ICU recieved support from foreign Islamist groups as well as from Eritrea, Ethiopia's long-time enemy. The Baidoa government and Ethiopia are supported by the United States.

Ethiopian troops first entered Somalia in small numbers in July, 2006, and by November, were engaged in minor clashes with Somali ICU forces. Major combat between the allied TGS and Ethiopian forces and the ICU forces began on December 20, 2006, with combat around the town of Baidoa. Fighting raged for the rest of the week, with a major escalation coming on December 24, when Ethiopian forces bombed Mogadishu airport and Baledogle Airport, about 35 miles outside Mogadishu, while troops seized Belet Weyne, an important border town. Ethiopian troops also took over the towns of Bandiradley, Adadow and Galinsor. The Ethiopian government reported on television that the goal of the offensive was Jowhar, a town not far from Mogadishu.

Later reports cited 1,000 dead and 3,000 wounded as Ethiopian and TGS forces advanced through central Somalia toward the capital.

Ethiopiain and government forces entered Mogadishu on Dec. 29, as Islamist forces retreated toward the south, where fighting continued into early January, 2007. The United States Navy patrolled the Somali coastline to prevent the escape by sea of any Islamists. Also, three members of al-Qaida who are wanted for the 1998 Embassy Bombins are reportedly with the Islamists, and the United States is searching for them and seeking their capture.

As the government and Ethiopian forces attempted to bring order to the capital, Islamist forces began guerrilla attacks against them. By the end of 2007, many experts described the ongoing Islamic resistance as an "Iraq-style insurgency," featuring ambushes, improvised explosive devices (IEDs), and an influx of foreign fighters from the Muslim world waging a Jihad against an occupying army.

Though the new Somali government is beginning to function, it still depends on Ethiopia for significant military backing, as combat continues with the Islamic militants.

It should also be noted that inside Ethiopia, the Oromo National Liberation Front (ONLF), which has conducted a guerrilla war against the Addis Abbaba government for decades, is launching attacks against Ethiopian troops headed toward Somalia. The Oromo people are ethnically related to the Somali people.

According to Somalia's Elman Human Rights group, 5,960 civilian fatalities occurred in the capital of Mogadishu in 2007. Also, the group claims that 7,980 civilians were wounded and over 700,000 displaced from their homes due to the continuing war between the Somali government and the Islamic insurgency. Ethiopia is aiding the Somali government; providing troops and air power to fight the insurgents. In December of 2006, Ethiopian forces, with American aid, invaded Islamic forces-held Somali territory and overthrew the extremist Islamic regime and helped install a pro-Western government in its place.


Sources and Links on the Ethiopia-Somali Conflict:

Somali group: 5,960 killed this year--Associated Press, December 2, 2007



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Outside Links

The War and Conflict Journal--Reports and analysis on world conflicts, with recent emphasis on the fighting in Somalia.

Aircraft bombs Islamist stronghold in Somalia--Reuters, Oct. 10, 2008

Ethiopia denies Ogaden blockade --BBC, August 2, 2007

Ogaden rebels destroy Ethiopian military convoy en route to Somalia--Sunday December 24, 2006

Ethiopian Intervention in Somalia --Wikipedia article

Central, Eastern, & Southern Africa Database : Somalia, 1980-1996--By Court Chick & Albert Grandolini, with Tom Cooper & Sander Peeters--Sept. 2, 2003

Somalia's Chance --The Washington Post Jan 05, 2007

A New War in Africa --allAfrica.com - Jan 05, 2007

At last, a glimmer of hope for Somalia --The London Times - Jan 04, 2007

Invading Somalia is no recipe for stability --Financial Times - Jan 04, 2007

Risk of Insurgence --allAfrica.com -Jan 04, 2007

Somalia's new conflict rooted in old ties --Boston --Jan 02, 2007

Ethiopia - in Self-Defense - at allAfrica.com - Dec 30, 2006

International lawlessness - at The Guardian (UK). - Dec 30, 2006

Why Somalia war unsettles the world - The Christian Science Monitor via Yahoo! News - Dec 29, 2006

The world must not ignore the Horn of Africa - at Daily Telegraph (UK) - Dec 29, 2006

It's still 'lose-lose' in Somalia - at Globe and Mail - Dec 29, 2006

War in Somalia - at The Washington Post - Dec 27, 2006

In Somalia, a reckless U.S. proxy war - at International Herald Tribune - Tue, Dec 26, 2006

Tick, tick, tick - at The Los Angeles Times Dec 26, 2006

Getting it wrong in Somalia, again - at Boston Globe - Nov 29, 2006

Somalia Simmers - at The Washington Post Oct 18, 2006

PREDECESSOR: (Related conflicts and events that occurred before)

Somali Border Wars with Ethiopia and Kenya (1964-1967)

Oromo Insurgency in Ethiopia (1973-Present)

Ogaden War (1977-1978)

Somali Civil War (1990-Present)

Shabab War (2006-Present)


CONCURRENT: (Related conflicts occurring at the same time)

Oromo Insurgency in Ethiopia (1973-Present)

Global War on Terror (2001-Present)

Iraq War (2003-Present)

Djibouti-Eritrea Border War (June, 2008)

Somali Pirate Attacks



SUCCESSOR: (Related conflicts that occur later)

None yet

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