21st Century Wars

Wars and conflicts of the 21st Century are featured on this page in alphabetical order. This is an outgrowth of the popular New and Recent Conflicts page. This shows only active wars and conflicts waged in from 2001 to the present. Each entry shows the name(s) of the conflict, the year it began, the participants in the war, and any pertinent details. Included are links to pertinent History Guy pages and external links.

Afghanistan War (also known as: "Operation Enduring Freedom,") (2001-Present) --United States, Afghan government vs. Taliban and al-Qaida. As of 01-07-04, the guerilla war in Afghanistan is heating up again, due in part to the emphasis American military is now putting on Iraq, and to the Taliban now apparently having regrouped itself after being ousted from power in 2001/2002.

al-Qaida War (also known as: "Operation Enduring Freedom," "Global War on Terror ") (at least 1998-Present) --United States vs. al-Qaida network of Osama bin Laden. The American public first became aware of al-Qaida in August of 1998, when the terrorist group blew up two U.S. Embassies in Africa. The U.S. soon responded with Tomahawk Cruise Missile attacks on an al-Qaida training camp in Afghanistan and a suspected chemical weapons factory in Sudan. The factory turned out to not be related to any terrorist group.

Below are details from the 21st Century:

Terrorist attack on the World Trade Center and the Pentagon (September 11, 2001)--Terrorists, belonging to Osama bin Laden's al-Qaida organization, hijacked four United States commercial passenger planes and flew them into the World Trade Center in New York City and the Pentagon in Virginia. The fourth plane crashed in Pennsylvania.

U.S. Operations Against al-Qaida in Somalia (2006-Present)

Baluchistan War (2003-Present) --Pakistan Government vs. Baluch rebels. This is the latest in a series of rebellions by the Baluch ethnic group in the region of Pakistan known as Baluchistan. The Pakistanin governement is fighting this war concurrently with the War in Waziristan (See below).

Bangladesh Army Mutiny of 2009

Burundi Civil War (1994-Present) --Burundi Government vs. Hutu rebels

Central African Republic Army Mutiny (May 28, 2001-Present)--Central African Republic government, Libya and rebels from Congo (Front for the Liberation of Congo) vs. C.A.R. Army rebels. Following a failed army coup on Monday the 28th, fighting between loyal and rebel troops escalated. Forces from Libya, Congo and possibly Chad entered the C.A.R. to help the government. The rebel forces continue to operate in the border areas, provoking clashes between the C.A.R. and Chad.

Chad Rebellion (2005-Present) --Chadian rebels and Sudanese-backed mercenaries attacked the Chadian capital in an attempt to overthrow President Derby. With the aid of French military intelligence, the rebels were beaten back. The battle cost at least 350 lives. Most of the Chad countryside is in rebel hands. This is related to the ongoing Darfur War (see below)

Chechen War (also known as: the Second Chechen War) (1999-Present) --Russian Government vs. Chechen irregulars/insurgents. After the initial Russian invasion of semi-independent Chechnya in 1999, the conflict settled down to a classic guerilla war pitting the Russian military and security forces against both urban and rural-based guerilla fighters. Over the past several years, the Chechens have taken the war to Russia's heartland with several deadly terrorist attacks against Russian civilian targets, the most famous such attack being the seizure of a Moscow movie theater, which resulted in hundreds of casualties.

Colombian Civil War (1964-Present) --Colombian Government (with increasing aid from the United States vs. Marxist rebels and various narcotics cartels.

Cote de Ivorie (Ivory Coast) Civil War (2002-Present) --Ivory Coast Government vs. (mostly) Muslim rebels. France has several thousand "peacekeeping" troops in the nation, but France clearly favors the government. As of 01-07-04, it appears that the government forces are attempting to dislodge a long-term cease-fire that has held for several months.

Darfur War (Feb. 2003-Present) --The Sudanese region of Darfur is in rebellion against the Sudanese government. In response to the rebellion, the government is sponsoring the Arab "Janjaweed" militias, who are conducting a campaign of genocide on the civilian population of Darfur, as well as launching attacks on refugees in neighboring Chad. This is related to the recent Chad Rebellion (see above)

The Ethiopia-Somalia War(2006- Present): In the latest phase of the long Somali Civil War, Ethiopia intervened in late 2006 to aid the internationally-recognized Somali government based in the city of Baidoa. The Transitional Government of Somalia (TGS) is oppossed by the Islamic Courts Union (ICU), an Islamist group which seized control of the national capital of Mogadushu earlier in 2006 from a coalition of warlords.

Gaza War 2008-2009

Gaza War 2012: Operation Pillar of Defense--Israel's latest Gaza War against Hamas

Georgia-Russia War (2008)--The 2008 war between Georgia and Russia which began as a war between Georgia and South Ossetia.

Honduras Coup of June, 2009

India-Bangladesh Border Conflict (April 18-April 20, 2001) India vs. Bangladesh. --Bangladesh border troops seized a village near the border which Bangladesh has claimed in the past. At least 18 troops were killed from both sides.

India's Maoist Insurgency/Naxalite Guerrilla War (May 25, 1967-Present): Beginning with a peasant uprising in the town of Naxalbari, this Marxist/Maoist rebellion sputters on in the Indian countryside. The guerrillas operate among the impoverished peasants and fight both the government security forces and the private paramilitary groups funded by wealthy landowners. Most fighting takes place in the states of Andhra Pradesh, Mahrashtra, Orissa and Madhya Pradesh.

Iraq War (also known as: "Operation Iraqi Freedom," "Operation Telic", Gulf War II, The Third Persian Gulf War) (2003-2011) --"The Coalition of the Willing" (United States, United Kingdom, Spain, Italy, Poland, Thailand, Bulgaria) vs. Iraqi irregular forces/insurgents, Al-Qaida in Iraq (Zarqawi's group), and various Shiite and Sunni militias--By far the most visible, most controversial, and most significant conflict on earth at the moment. President Bush considers this a vital part of the overall Global War on Terror, while many, including significant numbers of Americans, do not agree that this is a legitimate part of the the anti-terror campaign. Regardless of its inclusion or not in the Global War on Terror, the war in Iraq continues, despite the Dec. 2003 capture of Saddam Hussein.

Gulf War II--History Guy page under construction

Wars of Iraq--History Guy page

Iraq Coalition Casualties

2003 Iraq war timeline - Wikipedia

CNN.com Specials

Operation Telic Details of British Casualties

DefendAmerica News - Facing the Iraqi Threat


Israel-Palestinian War (also known as: al-Aqsa Intifada, 2nd Intifada) (2001-2005) --Israel vs. Palestinian Authority, Hamas, Islamic Jihad and other Palestinian militias and guerilla groups. While overall violence has subsided, Palestinian suicide attacks still occur. as do Israeli strikes at Palestinian targets. Both types of actions often initiates a new cycle of attacks. Since the death of Yasser Arafat and the successful Palestinian elections, the prospect of a lasting peace are somewhat improved.

Israel-Syrian Conflict (1948-Present) --Israel vs. Syria. Israel and Syria first clashed in 1948-1949, as Syria joined other Arab nations in the First Arab-Israeli War. Subsequent full-scale wars between them erupted in the 1967 Arab-Israeli War, the 1973 Arab-Israeli War, and the 1982 Israeli Invasion of Lebanon. In-between these major wars, the two enemies often clash along their mutual border and also in neighboring Lebanon, which Israel has invaded several times, and where the Syrian military kept an occupation/peacekeeping force from the mid 1970s to the Spring of 2005. Below are clashes since from 2001 onward.

--Israeli Airstrike on Syrian Forces (July 1, 2001)- Israeli warplanes struck a Syrian Army radar post and anti-aircraft site in Lebanon in retaliation for a Hezbollah attack on the Israel-Lebanon border in an area called the Cheba Farms. Israel believes Syria controls the Hezbollah and struck the Syrians in order to "send a message."

--Israeli Airstrike on Syrian Forces (April 15, 2001)--Israel dropped six bombs on a Syrian Army radar post in Lebanon in retaliation for a Hezbollah attack on the Israel-Lebanon border. Israel believes Syria controls the Hezbollah. Three Syrian troops died in the attack.

ISIS War (2014-Present) -The Islamic State's attempt to carve out a new Caliphate out of Syria and Iraq grew out of the civil wars in those two Arab states. Beginning in August, 2014, the United States and other nations began an intervention in this conflict

Korean Conflict (1950-Present) --North Korea vs. South Korea and the United States. Following the well-known Korean War of 1950-1953, cross-border incursions continued, as did naval battles, and North Korean acts of terrorism directed at South Korea and United States forces stationed in the South.

--Border Clash (November 21, 2001)--The first cross-border shooting of the year between North and South Korea. North Korean troops fired several shots at a South Korean guard post. Fire was returned by the South Koreans.

Macedonian Albanian Uprising (2001) --Macedonian Government vs. ethnic Albanian rebels. The Albanian rebels sought recognition and autonomy from the government. NATO and U.S.-backed peace talks resolved the conflict.

Mount Elgon insurgency --(2005-2008) The Sabaot Land Defence Force militia revolted in the Mount Elgon area, Western Kenya. The Kenyan military defeated the militia in 2008

Nepal Civil War (1996-Present) --Nepal Government vs. Marxist rebels. The rebels seek to destroy the Royal Monarchy and replace it with a Marxist/Maoist system. Attacks continue as both sides seek to gain an advantage over the other.

Sa'dah al-Houthi Rebellion in Yemen (2004-Present)-While this war remained localized in northern Yemen for years, and sparked a short Saudi intervention against the Shiite Houthis, recent political upheavals in Yemen aided the Houthi cause, enabling the rebels to occupy the capital city in 2014.

Solomon Islands Unrest (2006) Solomon Islands Government, Australia, New Zealand vs. rioters --Following the election of a new Prime Minister, severe rioting broke out which drove many islanders of Chinese descent out of the Solomons. Australia and New Zealand sent troops to restore order. The riots began on April 18.

Sri Lankan Civil War (1983–2009)

Thailand Political Unrest (2006 –Present) Thail government vs. Protesters --Thailand's current political crisis began in 2006 with

Thai Muslim Rebellion (2003 – Present) Thailand vs. Muslim Separatists --Thailand's Muslim population, located in the south near the border with Malaysia, rebelled in 2003. A similar campaign of violence hit the south in the 1970s and 1980s.

Thai-Myanmar (Burma) Border Conflict (Feb., 2001 and May, 2001) Thailand vs. Myanmar (Burma)--Myanmar's very long civil war spilled over into Thailand on at least two occasions in 2001.

Ukraine Civil War (2014-Present)-Pro-Russian rebels, with military aid from Russia, have seized Crimea and large swaths of eastern Ukraine.

Waziristan War (2003 – Present) Pakistan vs. Taliban/al-Qaida Insurgents--Muslim extremists allied with the Afghan Taliban and the al-Qaida terrorist network battle Pakistani troops in the mountainous Waziri region of northwest Pakistan.


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