and Tyrants in World History
and Mussolini: Fascist Dictators and Partners in
Dictators and tyrants are rulers who
control a country with absolute authority and are not
restricted by a constitution or by laws. Dictators work
in a governmental system in
which the citizens do not possess the right to choose
their own leaders. This type of
system is called a Dictatorship.
Below are some of the worst
dictators in recent history..
Castro--Founder of Communist Cuba, Castro took power
(1959-2008) through a revolution. He transferred power to
his brother in 2008 and died on November 25, 2016. The
Castro brothers ruled through force and have driven
hundreds of thousands of people to flee Cuba for a better
life in the United States. Castro involved Cuba in
multiple wars and revolutions throughout Latin America
and Africa. See also Wars
Castro--Became leader of Cuba (2008-Present) upon the
illness of his brother, Fidel Castro. Raul worked with
Fidel to establish their Communist dictatorship and to
suppress basic freedoms for the Cuban people.
Ceausescu--Communist dictator of Rumania (1965-1989).
Ruled on the Stalinist model and through a cult of
personality. Considered one of the more ruthless
Communist rulers in Eastern Europe. Ceausescu was
overthrown and executed in a national uprising in
"Baby Doc" Duvalier --Haitian dictator
(1971-1986). Baby Doc Duvalier assumed leadership in
Haiti following the death of his father, Papa Doc
Duvalier. The younger Duvalier fled Haiti following a
popular uprising in 1986.
"Papa Doc" Duvalier--Haitian dictator (1957-1971).
Upon his death, his son became ruler of Haiti.
Franco-Dictator of Spain (1939-1975) who took power
after a long and bloody civil war.
el-Gadhafi--(1969-2011)--Eccentric, crazy, and
increasingly desperate dictator of Libya. Gadhafi went
into hiding after rebels seized most of the capital city
of Tripoli. He was found by the rebels hiding in a ditch,
and killed. See also
Libyan War 2011.
Also spelled Khaddafy, Qaddafi, Gaddafi.
of Germany (1933-1945) who originally took office through
the German electoral system but quickly threw out the
constitution and ruled through force. Responsible for
millions of deaths by starting the European portion of
and thorugh the Holocaust, which was an attempt to
destroy all Jews in Europe.
of Iraq (1979-2003). Committed genocidal acts against
minority Kurds and Shiites in Iraq, began the Iraq-Iran
War, the Gulf
invading Kuwait, and was finally overthrown in the
U.S.-led invasion generally known as the Iraq
Zedong (also spelled Mao
Tse-tung)-Founder and ruler of Communist China
(1949-1976), Mao led the Chinese Communist Party through
a very long civil war, which he won in 1949, and founded
the People's Republic of China. Mao's rule included
several purges and bloody repression, inlcuding the
so-called Cultural Revolution, which resulted in millions
of deaths of people considered to be threats to Communist
Party rule. Mao also involved China in the
hostilities with Taiwan, the invasion
and occupation of Tibet,
a border war with India, border clashes with the Soviet
Union, and significant support for the communist side in
both the Indochina War and the followup Vietnam
Mussolini--Ruler of Italy (1922-1943). Took power
through the threat of force and dominated Italy as a
Fascist dictator until forced from power as a result of
World War Two. After his fall from power, he was captured
by Partisan guerrillas and executed along with his
mistress. Their dead bodies were then hung upside down in
front of a gas station. A good example of what should
happen to all dictators.
footage the execution of Benito Mussolini in World War
Pinochet--Dictator of Chile (1973-1990). Seized power
in a very bloody military coup in 1973, in which the
elected president was overthrown and killed. Pinochet is
one of the very few dicators who voluntarily gave up
dictaor (1924-1953). Set up the first Communist cult of
personality. Responsible for the deaths of millions in
his purges and genocidal policies against his political
Il-Sung--Founder of Communist North Korea. Ruled
(1948-1994) on the Stalinist model and set up a cult of
personality. Passed power on to his son in the first
hereditary transfer of power in a Communist system.
Started the bloody Korean
Jong-Il--Communist dictator of North Korea
(1994-2011) Inherited power from his father. Attempted to
set up one of his sons to inherit the country upon his
passing. Under the Kim Jong-Il, North Korea developed
nuclear weapons and engaged in dangerous nuclear
with the U.S. and neighboring nations, and has engaged in
skirmishes with South
including the bloody attack on
in 2010. Kim Jong-Il died on December 17, 2011
Communist dictator of North Korea (2011-Present)
Inherited power from his father, who died in December,
2011. Upon his introduction as "The Great Successor," Kim
Jong-Un was in his 20s, is known to have been educated in
a German boarding school, and is a fan of the Los Angeles
Lakers National Basketball Association (NBA) team. It is
unknown what the North Korean military thinks of their
young, new leader.
Tito--Founder and leader of Communist Yugoslavia
(1945-1980), Tito led Yugoslavia out of Soviet domination
and established himself as an independent Communist
leader outside of Soviet or Chinese domination. Tito kept
Yugoslavia's bickering ethnic groups under control, and
after his death in 1980, the country began to unravel,
finally disintigrating in the Yugoslav
which literally destroyed the nation.
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