History of Japan Earthquakes

Japan Earthquake News

History of Japan Earthquakes


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Japanese Earthquake Emergency Information

Local Japan Emergency dials:

171 + 1 + line phone number to leave a message

171 + 2 + line phone number to listen to the message


Phone numbers to consult about missing persons: (Japanese language)

Iwate: 0120-801-471

Miyagi: 022-221-2000

Fukushima: 0120-510-186 / 090-8424-4207 / 090-8424-4208


Japan is a densely-populated island nation in the northwest Pacific and is a part of the "Ring of Fire" chain of earthquake-prone Pacific Rim. As a result, the Japanese people have endured massive earthquakes throughout their history. Japan is so quake-prone, that minor earthquakes are an almost monthly aspect of life for the Japanese.

However, several times in the past hundred years or so, Japan suffers through powerful earthquakes that cause massive amounts of destruction and result in thousands of deaths.

On March, 2011, a huge earthquake measuring around 8.9 to 9.0 on the Richter scale hit off the coast of the Japanese city of Sendai. In addition to destruction on the ground, the quake also triggered a powerful tsunami that hit Japan hard. As of March 13, 2011, full casualty figures are not complete, but the death toll is in the thousands, with millions of people without power, and at least two nuclear plants in the throes of possible meltdown.

Below is a list of the most destructive Japanese earthquakes since the late 1800s.


Japanese Earthquakes since 1891

Sendai, Japan (March 11, 2011)--Magnitude 8.9/9.0 --Fatalities in the thousands, full casualty numbers are not yet available

Kobe, Japan (Jan. 16, 1995)- Magnitude 6.9 --Fatalities 5,502

Niigata, Japan (June 6, 1964)- Magnitude 7.5 --Fatalities 26

Fukui, Japan (June 28, 1948) - Magnitude 7.3 --Fatalities 3,769

Nankaido, Japan (Dec. 20, 1946)- Magnitude 8.1 --Fatalities 1,330

Mikawa, Japan (January 12, 1945)- Magnitude 7.1 --Fatalities 1,961

Tonankai, Japan (December 7, 1944) - Magnitude 8.1 --Fatalities 1,223

Tottori, Japan (Sept. 10, 1943)-Magnitude 7.4 --Fatalities 1,190

Sanriku, Japan (March 2, 1933)- Magnitude 8.4 --Fatalities 2,990

Tango, Japan (March 7, 1927)- Magnitude 7.6 --Fatalities 3,020

Kanto, Japan (Sept. 1, 1923) - Magnitude 7.9 --Fatalities 143,000

Sanriku, Japan (June 15, 1896)- Magnitude 8.5 --Fatalities 27,000

Mino-Owari, Japan (Oct. 27, 1891)-Magnitude 8.0 --Fatalities 7,273



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