War/Bengali War of Independence (1971)--East Pakistan rebelled
against West Pakistani rule. India intervened with an invasion of
East Pakistan, which ensured the independence of Bangladesh from
Rebellion (1973-1978)--Baluchi separatist rebellion against
the Pakistani government. Pakistan was aided by Iran, which feared
unrest among its own Baluchi minority.
--Pakistan aided the Taliban from at least 1994 through the U.S.
invasion of 2001. Strong evidence exists that Pakistani factions,
specifically the intelligence service known as the ISS, continues
to aid the pro-Taliban Afghan faction known as the Haqqani
Network. The United States alleges that the ISS aided the Haqqani
in deadly attacks on U.S and Afghan forces in 2011.
Indo-Pakistani War along the northern border regions of Kashmir,
in the area Kargil.
(2001-Present)--Just as with the Soviet-Afghan War of the 1980s,
Pakistan is used as a base for the anti-government Afghan forces.
The Taliban, and their allies, the Haqqani Network, along with
al-Qaida forces, use the ill-defined Afghan-Pakistan border as a
safe haven from which to attack NATO and Afghan government forces.
The U.S. has accused Pakistan of, at best, turning a blind eye to
the Taliban, or, at worst, aiding and abetting theTaliban presence
in Pakistan. In response to the cross-border attacks, NATO forces
hit Taliban forces with drone attacks, and have launched other
raids along the border. See below for more information.
War in Pakistan (2004-Present)--The American Central
Intelligence Agency (CIA) uses unmanned Predator drone aircraft
to cross the Pakistani border and launch missiles at suspected
Taliban and al-Qaida forces and camps. Pakistan repeatedly
denounces these attacks as a violation of their sovereignty.
Various sources place the number of Pakistani/Taliban/al-Qaida
casualties as a result of these attacks at between 1,700 and
2,600 as of November, 2011.
Raid on Pakistan Military Outpost (Sept. 30, 2010)--NATO
helicopters attack a border outpost, killing three Pakistani
soldiers. Pakistan retaliates by closing the border to NATO
supplies for two weeks.
NATO Raids on Pakistan Military Outposts
(Nov. 25, 2011)--NATO aircraft attacked two Pakistani
border posts, killing at least 24 Pakistani troops. NATO was
attempting to target Taliban forces along the border, in
Salala, a village in Pakistan’s Mohmand tirbal area near
the border with Kunar Province in Afghanistan. (see
Border Region Map
Terrorist Attack on Indian Parliament
(2001)--Pakistani-supported terrorists attacked the Indian