Wars and Conflicts of Pakistan



Indian and Pakistani Border Guards at Gate-Closing Ceremony. Pakistani Guards in Black, Indian Guards in Tan

India Pakistan Border Guards


See also: Indo-Pakistan Wars Page

Kashmir Conflict Links Page

See NATO/American Raids on Pakistan here

Partition of India and Pakistan (1947)

First Kashmir War (1947-1948)

Second Kashmir War (1965)

Pakistan Civil War/Bengali War of Independence (1971)--East Pakistan rebelled against West Pakistani rule. India intervened with an invasion of East Pakistan, which ensured the independence of Bangladesh from Pakistan.

Baluchistan Rebellion (1973-1978)--Baluchi separatist rebellion against the Pakistani government. Pakistan was aided by Iran, which feared unrest among its own Baluchi minority.

Kashmir Border Conflict (1991-Present)-Pakistani-supported rebellion by Kashmir Muslims against Indian rule.

Afghan Civil War --Pakistan aided the Taliban from at least 1994 through the U.S. invasion of 2001. Strong evidence exists that Pakistani factions, specifically the intelligence service known as the ISS, continues to aid the pro-Taliban Afghan faction known as the Haqqani Network. The United States alleges that the ISS aided the Haqqani in deadly attacks on U.S and Afghan forces in 2011.

Kargil War (1999)-- Indo-Pakistani War along the northern border regions of Kashmir, in the area Kargil.

War in Afghanistan (2001-Present)--Just as with the Soviet-Afghan War of the 1980s, Pakistan is used as a base for the anti-government Afghan forces. The Taliban, and their allies, the Haqqani Network, along with al-Qaida forces, use the ill-defined Afghan-Pakistan border as a safe haven from which to attack NATO and Afghan government forces. The U.S. has accused Pakistan of, at best, turning a blind eye to the Taliban, or, at worst, aiding and abetting theTaliban presence in Pakistan. In response to the cross-border attacks, NATO forces hit Taliban forces with drone attacks, and have launched other raids along the border. See below for more information.

U.S. Drone War in Pakistan (2004-Present)--The American Central Intelligence Agency (CIA) uses unmanned Predator drone aircraft to cross the Pakistani border and launch missiles at suspected Taliban and al-Qaida forces and camps. Pakistan repeatedly denounces these attacks as a violation of their sovereignty. Various sources place the number of Pakistani/Taliban/al-Qaida casualties as a result of these attacks at between 1,700 and 2,600 as of November, 2011.

NATO Raid on Pakistan Military Outpost (Sept. 30, 2010)--NATO helicopters attack a border outpost, killing three Pakistani soldiers. Pakistan retaliates by closing the border to NATO supplies for two weeks.

U.S. Navy SEAL Raid on Abbottabad, Pakistan (May 1, 2011)--U.S. Special Forces raided a compound inside Pakistan, killing al-Qaida leader Osama bin Laden.

NATO Raids on Pakistan Military Outposts (Nov. 25, 2011)--NATO aircraft attacked two Pakistani border posts, killing at least 24 Pakistani troops. NATO was attempting to target Taliban forces along the border, in Salala, a village in Pakistan’s Mohmand tirbal area near the border with Kunar Province in Afghanistan. (see Pakistan Border Region Map below).

Terrorist Attack on Indian Parliament (2001)--Pakistani-supported terrorists attacked the Indian Parliament

Waziristan War (2004-Present)

Baluchistan Rebellion (2004-Present) --Baluchi separatist rebellion against the Pakistani government.

Terrorist Attack on Mumbai (2008)--Pakistani-supported terrorists attacked the Indian city of Mumbai, killing 179.

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Pakistan Border Map
 Pakistan Border Region Map--from BBC
Pakistani Military History Sites, Resources, and Links
Indian Conflicts Since Independence  

The 1971 India-Pakistan War

It's showtime at India-Pakistan border: Peculiar ritual belies tension--Boston.com

NATO Strikes Kill Pakistani Forces, Raising Tensions--New York Times, Nov. 26, 2011

Pakistan outrage after 'Nato attack kills soldiers'--BBC, Nov. 26, 2011


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