World Biography:

The British Royal Family

British Royal Family

Britain's Prince William and his bride Catherine, Duchess of Cambridge (C), pose for an official photograph, with their families, on the day of their wedding, in the throne room at Buckingham Palace, April 29, 2011.

(Front row L-R) Grace van Cutsem, Eliza Lopes, Prince Philip, Britain's Queen Elizabeth, Margarita Armstrong-Jones, Louise Windsor, William Lowther-Pinkerton. (Back Row L-R) Tom Pettifer, Camilla, Duchess of Cornwall, Prince Charles, Prince Harry, Michael Middleton, Carole Middleton, James Middleton, Pippa Middleton.

Royal Family History | Royal Family Order of Precedence | Royal Family Order of Succession | Royal Family News

The British Royal Family

The current British royal family, while refered to as the House of Windsor, is actually the latest part of a line of royal monarchs going back over a thousand years. The House of Windsor came into being in 1917, when the name was adopted as the British Royal Family's official name by a proclamation of King George V, replacing the historic name of Saxe-Coburg-Gotha. It remains the family name of the current Royal Family. The Saxe-Coburg-Gotha name was of German origin, and in 1917, the British Empire was locked in a Great War with Germany, and the decision was made to adopt a more English-sounding name. Taking their new family name after the official name of one of their primary residences (Windsor Castle), the House of Windsor was born.

With the royal wedding of Prince William and Kate Middleton, much speculation has arisen over the potential new heirs to the throne that this royal couple could produce. On December 3, 2012, it was announced that William and Kate were expecting their first child. Duchess Kate's early pregnancy was marked with acute morning sickness known as hyperemesis gravidarum, which forced her hospitalization. Kate and William welcomed their newborn son into the world, and into the world's most famous family, on July 22, 2013. The Royal Baby is not yet named, as is the tradition in the Royal Family, the name will likely not be announced for a week or so. William and Kate's son will be third in line to the throne after his grandfather, Prince Charles, and his father, William.

William and Kate with their new baby son

William and Kate with their newborn royal son

The monarchs of the House of Windsor are listed below: (NOTE: the dates inside the parentheses show the years of the monarch's reign as King or Queen. The lower-case "r" stands for reign)

George V (r. 1910-1936)

Edward VIII (r. Jan-Dec 1936)--Oldest son of King George V and the brother of George VI. Edward abdicated the throne in order to marry an American divorcee, Mrs. Wallis Simpson.

George VI (r.1936-1952)--Younger son of King George V and the brother of King Edward VIII. George assumed the throne upon the abdication of Edward.


Elizabeth II (r. 1952-Present)-Daughter of King George VI. Elizabeth assumed the throne upon her father's death. Her eldest son, Charles, is next in line to the throne, followed by his oldest son, William. In 2012, Queen Elizabeth celebrated her 60th year on the throne of the United Kingdom and the Commonwealth nations. The Diamond Jubilee celebrations began in earnest in May and June of 2012.

Queen Elizabeth II

Queen Elizabeth II Celebrates 60 Years on the British Throne.


 British Royal Family

The Royal Family in order of precedence:

Queen Elizabeth II-daughter of the late King George V
Prince Philip, The Duke of Edinburgh--husband of Queen Elizabeth

Prince Charles, The Prince of Wales, first son of Queen Elizabeth and Prince Philip and heir to the throne

Camilla, The Duchess of Cornwall--wife of Prince Charles

Prince William--son of Prince Charles and the late Lady Diana, second in line to the throne. William married his fiance, Kate Middleton, who is the latest, (and perhaps the most popular), member of the royal family.

Prince Harry--second son of Prince Charles and the late Lady Diana, third in line to the throne


Andrew, The Duke of York--second son of Queen Elizabeth and Prince Philip, fourth in line to the throne

Edward, The Earl of Wessex--third son of Queen Elizabeth and Prince Philip, seventh in line to the throne

Sophie,The Countess of Wessex--wife of Prince Edward

Anne, The Princess Royal--only daughter of Queen Elizabeth and Prince Philip, tenth in line to the throne

Richard, The Duke of Gloucester--grandson of George V and a first cousin to The Queen, 19th in line to the throne

Birgitte, The Duchess of Gloucester--wife of Richard, Duke of Gloucester

Edward, The Duke of Kent--grandson of King George V and cousin to both The Queen and The Duke of Edinburgh, 27th in line to the throne

Katherine, The Duchess of Kent--wife of Edward, Duke of Kent

Princess Alexandra--second child and only daughter of the late Duke and Duchess of Kent (her brothers are the present Duke of Kent and Prince Michael of Kent), 38th in line to the throne

Prince Michael of Kent--a cousin to both The Queen and The Duke of Edinburgh, and his older brother and sister are The Duke of Kent and Princess Alexandra, Prince Michael's father, Prince George, was the fourth son of George V and his mother, Princess Marina, was the daughter of Prince Nicholas of Greece. Prince Michael is not in the line of succession to the throne


 Queen Ellizabeth and Prince Philip

Queen Ellizabeth and Prince Philip

The Royal Family in order of succession:

Sovereign (Currently Queen Elizabeth II)

1. The Prince of Wales

2. Prince William of Wales

3. Prince William's son

4. Prince Henry of Wales

5. The Duke of York

6. Princess Beatrice of York

7. Princess Eugenie of York

8. The Earl of Wessex

9. Viscount Severn

10. The Lady Louise Mountbatten-Windsor

11. The Princess Royal

12. Mr. Peter Phillips

13. Miss Zara Phillips

14. Viscount Linley

15. The Hon. Charles Armstrong-Jones

16. The Hon. Margarita Armstrong-Jones

17. The Lady Sarah Chatto

18. Master Samuel Chatto

19. Master Arthur Chatto

20. The Duke of Gloucester

21. Earl of Ulster

22. Lord Culloden

23. The Lady Cosima Windsor

24. The Lady Davina Lewis

25. Miss Senna Lewis

26. The Lady Rose Gilman

27. Miss Lyla Gilman

28. The Duke of Kent

29. The Lady Amelia Windsor

30. The Lady Helen Taylor

31. Master Columbus Taylor

32. Master Cassius Taylor

33. Miss Eloise Taylor

34. Miss Estella Taylor

35. The Hon. Albert Windsor

36. The Hon. Leopold Windsor

37. The Lord Frederick Windsor

38. The Lady Gabriella Windsor

39. Princess Alexandra, the Hon. Lady Ogilvy

Royal Family News:

According to the BBC, Prince Philip was hospitalized December 23, 2011 for chest pains. Doctors performed heart surgery on Prince Philip to insert a coronary stent due to a blocked coronary artery. Prince Philip was released from the hospital after Christmas.

Prince Philip

Queen Elizabeth's Diamond Jubilee, celebrating her 60 years on the British throne, kicked off in 2012 with a flotiilla of over 1,000 ships and vessels in a waterborne pageant on the River Thames on June 3, 2012.

Another major London event in 2012, was the hosting of the 30th Olympic Games in the British capital. On July, 27, 2012, Queen Elizabeth, Prince Phillip, Prince William, Kate Middleton, Prince Harry, Prince Charles, among others, welcomed the Olympic athletes and helped open the Games. One of the true surprises in the Danny Boyle directed Opening Ceremonies was a video clip of Queen Elizabeth being escorted to the Olympic Opening Ceremony by non other than the fictional (but British) character of James Bond, played superbly by Bond actor Daniel Craig. In the video skit, Bond enters Buckingham Palace, negotiates his way around the the Queen's famous Corgis, and is announced into the Queen's presence. She addresses the actor as "Mr. Bond," and they make their way via helicopter to the Olympic stadium, where, on video, it appears as if Bond and the Queen parachute into the stadium.

In August, 2012, Prince Harry once again ended up in the public eye in an embarrassing situation. While in Las Vegas, Nevada with some friends, Prince Harry engaged in some naked behavior that somehow made its way to the internet. Two pictures released online show Prince Harry quite naked, along with an equally naked woman with whom he is hugging. The Queen reportedly was not amused...


Some interesting facts related to Queen Elizabeth's Diamond Jubilee (source: Official Royal Website)

--Elizabeth II is the second-longest reigning British monarch. Queen Vicoria reigned for 63 years.

--Elizabethe II is the 40th monarch since William the Conquerer seized the crown in 1066.

--Britain has had 12 Prime Ministers during Queen Elizabeth's reign, from Sir Winston Churchill to the current Prime Minister, David Cameron.

--The Queen is a well-known lover and cultivator of the dog breed Corgi. Elizabeth has had more than 30 corgis during her reign, starting with Susan who she acquired for her 18th birthday in 1944. Most of these Corgis are direct descendants of Susan. Elizabeth currently (2012) has three corgis – Monty, Willow and Holly.




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