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Former-President Hosni Mubarak

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 Hosni Mubarak

President Hosni Mubarak

 

Muhammad Hosni Sayyid Mubarak - (b. May 4, 1928 in Kafr-El-Meselha, Monufia Governorate, Egypt )

Hosni Mubarak currently serves as the President of the Arab Republic of Egypt. He was appointed Vice-President in 1975 by President Anwar el-Sadat, and became the President . of Egypt on October 14, 1981, following the assassination of President Anwar el-SadatMubarak is is the longest-serving Egyptian leader since Muhammad Ali Pasha in the 1800s. Prior to entering politics, Mubarak was a career officer in the Egyptian Air Force, serving as the Air Force's commander from 1972 to 1975.

Despite being re-elected to the office of the Presidency four times since he gained power after Sadat's assassination, Mubarak is a strongman who rules without the usual checks and balances found in a real democracy. His security forces regularly jail political opponents, limit media freedom, and freedom of speech, and regularly outlaw various political parties oppossed to the Mubarak regime. It is widely considered that Hosni Mubarak is grooming his son, Gamel Mubarak, to succeed him as president. Hosni Mubarak is currently (in 2011) 82 years old, and his power is being strongly contested by anti-government protests in January of 2011.

On February 11, 2011, after 18 days of protests and riots, President Hosni Mubarak turned power over to the Egyptian military, and left Cairo for Sharm el-Sheik, a resort town on the Sinai Peninsula where Mubarak owned property. In mid-April, Mubarak was in the hospital with what was described as a heart condition. The next day, former-President Mubarak and his two sons were "detained" by authorities pending an investigation into charges of corruption and involvement in the deaths of protesters during the uprising.

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