Wars of India

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This page is designed for students and researchers needing information on the wars and conflicts of India from independence in 1947 to the present.

To access specific wars or conflicts, click on the blue links. 

See also:

 Wars and Conflicts of India |Indian Military Links| Indo-Pakistani Wars

Indian Integration of Junagadh (1947) -Indian forces occupied and annexed the princely state of Junagadh, which had initially declined joining India upon independence from Britain.

First Indo-Pakistan War (1947-1948)--Also known as the First Kashmir War.

Liberation of Hyderabad (1948)--Also known in India as "Operation Polo," in which Indian forces occupied and annexed the princely state of Hyderabad, which had initially declined joining India upon independence from Britain.

Indian Integration of Dadra and Nagar Haveli (1954)-Indian forces occupied and annexed the Portuguese Indian territories of Dadra and Nagar Haveli.

Insurgency in Northeast India (1954-Present)- Multiple armed insurgencies conducted by ethnic groups in the seven states of northwest India: operating in India's northeastern states of Assam, Meghalaya, Tripura, Arunachal Pradesh, Mizoram, Manipur, and Nagaland.

Naga Rebellion (1958-Present)-A variety of Naga rebel groups have fought the Indian and Burmese/Myanmar governments on and off since 1958.

Mizoland Rebellion (1966-1986)-This conflict began in March, 1966 with the Mizo National Front uprising, that seized many points in Mizoland., when the conflict ended due to a peace agreement in 1986.

In Mizoram, the movement for independence began in 1961 due to a feeling of total neglect by the State of Assam. The Mizo National Front (MNF) rose in rebellion on February 28, 1966. The Indian army recaptured all of the areas taken by the Mizo National Front, and the war continued as an insurgency until 1986 An agreement was reached between the MNF and the Union Government on June 30, 1986. As a result of the settlement, the MNF agreed to stop fighting.

Manipur Insurgency (1980-Present)-A variety of Manipuri rebel groups have fought India since 1980.

Assam Insurgency (1980-Present)-A variety of Assamese rebel groups have fought India since 1980.

Bodoland Insurgency (1989-Present)-Rebels rebel groups have fought India since 1989 with the goal of an independent Bodoland.

Tripura Insurgency (1990-2012)-Tripuran rebel groups fell apart and ceased operations by 2012.

Insurgency in Meghalaya (1996-Present)-Rebellion in the Indian state of Meghalaya. This conflict is winding down as of 2020 with partial demobilization of rebel groups and peace talks with the government.


Liberation of Goa (1961)--A conflict between India and Portugal. Goa had been a Portuguese colony for centuries prior to the Indian invasion of 1961. Also known in India as "Operation Vijay."

Sino-Indian War (1962)--Border war between China and India.

Sino-Indian War

Chinese Troops advance in the Sino-Indian War


United Nations Offensive Operations in the Congo (1961-1964)--India contributed troops to the UN army which undertook offensive action against rebels in the Congo.

Second Indo-Pakistan War (1965)--Also known as the Second Kashmir War.

Sino-Indian Skirmish (1967)--Also known as the Chola "Incident."

Maoist Insurgency/Naxalite War (1967-Present)-A communist guerrilla war against the government of India.

Third Indo-Pakistan War/Bengali War of Independence (1971)--India attacked Pakistan in support of rebels seeking the independence of Bangladesh (then known as East Pakistan) from Pakistan.

Assam-Nagaland border dispute (1979?-Present?)

Punjab Insurgency (1984-1989)--A rebellion in the Sikh-dominated Punjab region culminated in the bloody Battle at the Golden Temple in June of 1984. Follow-up operations in the countryside continued into 1989. India claims the Sikh rebels were backed by Pakistan.

Siachen Operations (1984-Present)--The Siachen Glacier is one of the highest glaciers in the world, and it sits astride the demarcation line between India's and Pakistan's claims in Jammu and Kashmir. Since the mid-'80's, artillery and infantry battles have broken out along this stretch of the border. These battles are related to the ongoing Kashmir Revolt (see below).

Indian Intervention in Sri Lankan Civil War (1987-1990)--India intervened in the bloody Sri Lankan Civil War (which continues into 2000) in support of the Sinhalese majority-dominated government. After suffering heavy casualties and realizing that this was a conflict best left to the Sri Lankans, India removed her troops in 1990.

Indian Intervention in the Maldives (1988)--India intervened to save the government of the Maldives Islands from a takeover by Sri Lankan rebels.

Kashmir Revolt (1990-Present)-This is the internal Indian conflict involving Pakistan and Pakistani-supported Kashmir rebels.

Indian-Bangladesh Border Conflict (2001)--


Terrorist Attack on Indian Parliament (2001)-Pakistani-supported terrorists attacked the Indian Parliament

Terrorist Attack on Mumbai (2008)--Pakistani-supported terrorists attacked the Indian city of Mumbai, killing 179.


2016 Indo-Pakistani Border Clashes


2019 Indo-Pakistani Border War



Sources on Indian military history:

Conflicts Since Independence

News and Links on India's Internal Wars and Conflicts:

India prepares for Maoist assault--BBC, Sept. 28, 2009

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