Egyptian Political and Military History:
1798-1801- French invasion and occupation of
Egypt by Napoleon Bonaparte. This ends Mamluke rule in
Political violence engulfed Egypt, leading to the
rise of Muhammed Ali as Pasha of Egypt.
Conquest of the Sudan.
intervention to aid the Ottoman Turks in Greek War of
Independence. This war brings Egypt into conflict with
the British, French, and Russians.
Conquest of Egypt.
declare the independence of Egypt. British still retained
control of Egyptian foreign policy and basic
administration of the country.
Israel in the First Arab-Israeli War. Egypt gains control
of the Gaza Strip.
28)-- Prime Minister Mahmoud an-Nukrashi Pasha, was
assassinated by the Muslim Brotherhood.
Revolution of 1952. King Farouk overthown by Lieutenant
General Muhammad Naguib and Gamel Abdel Nasser. Naguib
becomes Egypt's first President.
becomes Prime Minister and effectively rules Egypt with
President Naguib as a figurehead.
becomes President of Egypt. His philosophy of Pan-Arab
cooperation, nationalism, and unity becomes known as
United States pulls back from its promise to aid Egypt in
building the Aswan Dam project. Nasser turns to the
Soviet Union for aid, beginning a long and vital alliance
between Egypt and the Soviets.
(October-November)-War with Israel, Britain, and
France in the "Suez
with Syria to form the United Arab Republic. The UAR
existed until Syria's secession in 1961.
intervened in the Yemen Civil War. This intervention
brought Egypt into conflict with Saudi Arabia.
Israel. In the Six-Day
defeated Egypt, Jordan, Syria, and Iraq, and siezed
control of the Egyptian-controlled Gaza Strip and Egypt's
Israel in the War of Attrition
1970- Nasser dies,
and Vice-President Anwar al-Sadat becomes President of
1973- War with
Israel. The Yom Kippur/Ramadan War paves the way for
eventual peace negotiations to take place.
Sinai Disengagement Agreement
between Egypt an Israel. Israel pulled back from part of
the Sinai. This agreement was, in effect, the first
land-for-peace agreement between Israel and an Arab
(January)--Egyptian 'Bread Riots' against economic
reforms. Nearly 80 deaths, and 800 wounded.
(November)-Sadat goes to Jerusalem and is the first
Arab leader to visit Israel. Sadat spoke before the
Knesset in Jerusalem about how to achieve a comprehensive
peace between Israel and the Arab nations.
Israel sign the Camp
There were two accords, titled A Framework for Peace
in the Middle East and A Framework for the
Conclusion of a Peace Treaty between Egypt and Israel.
The Accords set the stage for the 1979 peace
Israel sign the Egypt-Israel Peace Treaty, ending the
state of war that had existed since 1948.
expelled from the Arab League for making peace with
of President Sadat. Vice-President Hosni
readmitted to the Arab League.
Iraq. Egypt took part in the multi-national coalition
that drove Iraqi forces from Kuwait in the
place throughout Egypt with opposition groups calling for
the ouster of President Mubarak.
2011--After 18 days of protests and riots,
President Hosni Mubarak turned power over to the
Egyptian military, and left Cairo. See
the Latest News on Egypt
June, 2012--Egyptians vote in their first free
election, choosing Islamist leader Mohammed Morsi
as the President of Egypt. Morsi was the candidate of the
formerly outlawed Muslim Brotherhood. Morsi won with
almost 52% of the vote.
War of 1977
Unrest in Egypt 2011 Timeline
Biography: President Hosni