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Timeline of Modern Egyptian History
Egypt's new President, Mohammed Morsi

President Mohammed Morsi

 Egyptian Flag

Flag of Egypt

Modern Egyptian Political and Military History:

1798-1801- French invasion and occupation of Egypt by Napoleon Bonaparte. This ends Mamluke rule in Egypt.

1803-1807-Egyptian Revolution -- Political violence engulfed Egypt, leading to the rise of Muhammed Ali as Pasha of Egypt.

1820-1839-Egyptian Conquest of the Sudan.

1825-1832-Egyptian intervention to aid the Ottoman Turks in Greek War of Independence. This war brings Egypt into conflict with the British, French, and Russians.

1882-British Conquest of Egypt.

1922-British declare the independence of Egypt. British still retained control of Egyptian foreign policy and basic administration of the country.

1948-1949-War with Israel in the First Arab-Israeli War. Egypt gains control of the Gaza Strip.

1948 (December 28)-- Prime Minister Mahmoud an-Nukrashi Pasha, was assassinated by the Muslim Brotherhood.

1952-Egyptian Revolution of 1952. King Farouk overthown by Lieutenant General Muhammad Naguib and Gamel Abdel Nasser. Naguib becomes Egypt's first President.

1954-Nasser becomes Prime Minister and effectively rules Egypt with President Naguib as a figurehead.

1956 (June)-Nasser becomes President of Egypt. His philosophy of Pan-Arab cooperation, nationalism, and unity becomes known as "Nasserism."

1956 (July)-The United States pulls back from its promise to aid Egypt in building the Aswan Dam project. Nasser turns to the Soviet Union for aid, beginning a long and vital alliance between Egypt and the Soviets.

1956 (October-November)-War with Israel, Britain, and France in the "Suez War."

1958-Egypt united with Syria to form the United Arab Republic. The UAR existed until Syria's secession in 1961.

1962-1970-Egypt intervened in the Yemen Civil War. This intervention brought Egypt into conflict with Saudi Arabia.

1967-War with Israel. In the Six-Day War, Israel defeated Egypt, Jordan, Syria, and Iraq, and siezed control of the Egyptian-controlled Gaza Strip and Egypt's Sinai Peninsula.

1968-1970-War with Israel in the War of Attrition

1970- Nasser dies, and Vice-President Anwar al-Sadat becomes President of Egypt.

1973- War with Israel. The Yom Kippur/Ramadan War paves the way for eventual peace negotiations to take place.

1974-First Sinai Disengagement Agreement between Egypt an Israel. Israel pulled back from part of the Sinai. This agreement was, in effect, the first land-for-peace agreement between Israel and an Arab neighbor.

1977 (January)--Egyptian 'Bread Riots' against economic reforms. Nearly 80 deaths, and 800 wounded.

1977 (July)-Short border war with Libya.

1977 (November)-Sadat goes to Jerusalem and is the first Arab leader to visit Israel. Sadat spoke before the Knesset in Jerusalem about how to achieve a comprehensive peace between Israel and the Arab nations.

1978-Egypt and Israel sign the Camp David Accords. There were two accords, titled A Framework for Peace in the Middle East and A Framework for the Conclusion of a Peace Treaty between Egypt and Israel. The Accords set the stage for the 1979 peace treaty.

1979-Egypt and Israel sign the Egypt-Israel Peace Treaty, ending the state of war that had existed since 1948.

1979-Egypt is expelled from the Arab League for making peace with Israel.

1981-Assassination of President Sadat. Vice-President Hosni Mubarak assumes power.

1989-Egypt readmitted to the Arab League.

1991-War with Iraq. Egypt took part in the multi-national coalition that drove Iraqi forces from Kuwait in the Gulf War.

2011-Massive unrest takes place throughout Egypt with opposition groups calling for the ouster of President Mubarak.

February 11, 2011--After 18 days of protests and riots, President Hosni Mubarak turned power over to the Egyptian military, and left Cairo. See the Latest News on Egypt

June, 2012--Egyptians vote in their first free election, choosing Islamist leader Mohammed Morsi as the President of Egypt. Morsi was the candidate of the formerly outlawed Muslim Brotherhood. Morsi won with almost 52% of the vote.

 

 

See also:

Egyptian History
Wars of Egypt
Suez War

Six-Day War

Egypt-Libya War of 1977

Political Unrest in Egypt 2011 Timeline

World Biography: President Hosni Mubarak

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

ADDITIONAL INFO

Tahrir Square Violence

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