Historyguy.com:

Nations

Haiti History:

   

Bookmark and Share
Flag of Haiti
Flag of Haiti

Nation Summary

Haiti is a very poor nation which occupies the western third of the island of Hispaniola. Haiti waged the most successful slave revolt in history by gaining independence from France in 1804. France and Spain (a previous ruler) imported many slaves from Africa to work on plantations.

Since independence, Haiti has endured many violent changes of government and was occupied by the United States from 1915 to 1934.

In January, 2010, Haiti was hit by a 7.0 earthquatke which caused massive damage and loss of life.

Independence: January 1, 1804 (prior to this date, Haiti was a French slave colony and most of the population were slaves of African descent)

Capital: Port-au-Prince

Population & Ethnic Groups

Population (2009) --10,033,000

Ethnic Groups--

95.0% black

0.1% white

4.9% mixed race

Religions--

Roman Catholic 80%

Protestant 16%

Languages:

French and Creole (official)

Literacy: (Defined as how many people age 15 and over can read and write)

National Literacy Rate: 53%
 

History of Haiti

 See Leaders of Haiti

Major Wars and Conflicts of Haiti

War of Independence

1915-1932 U.S. Occupation of Haiti

1994 U.S. Invasion and Occupation of Haiti

2004 Haiti Rebellion

 

Economic Data

 

Gross Domestic Product (GDP): $7 Billion --This is how much, in U.S. dollars, this nation's economy produces in terms of products and services annually. (2008) For the purposes of comparison, the GDP of the United States is over $14 Trillion.

GDP - per capita: $790 (2008)--This figure shows how much personal wealth, on average, each Pole is worth. This is usually a good indicator of whether the nation can be considered "wealthy" or not. For the purposes of comparison, the GDP-Per Capita of the United States is over $47,000.

Haiti is the poorest nation in the Western Hemisphere.

 

 

Source: The CIA World Factbook 

National Politics

Form of Government--Presidential Republic

Current Leaders:

Prime Minister : Jean-Max Bellerive (since November 11, 2009)

President: Rene Preval (since May 14, 2006)

List of Haitian Leaders

 

 

 

Major Political Parties

Christian Movement for a New Haiti (Mochrenah)

Democratic Alliance Party (Alyans)

Fanmi Lavalas (Fanmi Lavalas)

Front for Hope (Fwon Lespwa)

Fusion of Haitian Social Democrats (Fusion des Sociaux-Démocrates Haïtienne)

Independent Movement for National Reconciliation (MIRN)

National Reconstruction Front (FRN)

Christian National Union for the Reconstruction of Haiti (Mouvement Chrétien pour Bâtir une Nouvelle Haïti)

Party for the Integral Advancement of the Haitian People (P.A.I.P.H)

Rally of Progressive National Democrats (Rassemblement des Démocrats Nationaux Progressistes)

Respect (Respè)

Struggling People's Organization (Òganizasyon Pèp Kap Lité)

 

Biofiles -Biography pages of people who impacted Haiti.

 

 

 

About Us

Bio of the History Guy

Commentary

Site Map--revision in progress

 

Haitian Leader:

(Titles include Governor,

Emperor, King, President,

Prime Minister)

Year(s) in Office:

Notes about term of Office:

Jean Jacques Dessalines, Governor

1804

--

Jean Jacques Dessalines, Emperor

1804-1806

assassinated

Henri Christophe, President

1807 - 1811

--

Henri Christophe, King

1811-1820

suicide

Alexander Petion

1807 - 1818

died in office

Jean Pierre Boyer

1818 - 1843

overthrown

Riviere Riviere-= Herard

1843 - 1844

overthrown

Philippe Guerrier

1844 - 1845

died in office

Jean Louis Pierrot

1845 - 1846

overthrown

Jean Baptiste Riche

1847 - 1847

died in office

Faustin Soulouque, President

1847 - 1849

--

Faustin Soulouqu e, Emperor

1849-1859

overthrown

Fabre Nicholas Geffrard

1859 - 1867

overthrown

Sylvain Salnave

1867 - 1869

executed

Nissage Saget

1870 - 1874

full term

Michel Domingue

=

1874 - 1876

overthrown

Boisrond Canal

1876 - 1879

overthrown

Lysius Felicite Salomon

1879 - 1888

overthrown

Francois Legitime

1888 - 1889

overthrown

Florvil Hyppolite

1889 - 1896

died in office

Tiresias Simon Sam

1896 - 1902

full term

Nord Alexis

1902 - 1908

overthrown

Antoine Simon

1908 - 1911

overthrown

Cincinnatus Leconte

1911 - 1912

died in office

Tancrede Auguste

1912 - 1913

died in office

Michel Oreste

1913 - 1914

overthrown

Oreste Zamor

1914

overthrown

Davilmar Theodore

1914 - 1915

overthrown

Vilbrun Sam

1915

assassinated

Sudre Dartigue= vave

1915 - 1922

full term (1st US Occupation)

Louis Borno

1922 - 1930

full term (1st US Occupation

Eugene Roy*

1930

(1st US occupation)

Sternio Vincent

1930 - 1941

full term (occupation until 1934)

Élie Lescot

1941 - 1946

overthrown

Franck Lavaud

1946

--

Dumarsais Estim&ea= cute;

1946 - 1950

overthrown

Paul Eugène Magloire

1950 - 1956

overthrown

Joseph Nemours Pierre-Louis*

1956 - 1957

--

Franck Sylvain*

1957

--

Executive Government Council

1957

--

Antonio Thrasybule Kebreau
(Chairman of the Military Council)

1957

--

François Duvalier

1957 - 1971

died in office

Jean-Claude Duvalier

1971 - 1986

overthrown

Henri Namphy

1986 - 1987

full term

Lesli Manigat

1988

overthrown

Henri Namphy*

1988 - 1989

overthrown

Prosper Avril*

1989 - 1990

overthrown

Etha Pascal-T= rouillot*

1990 - 1991

full term

Jean-Bertrand Aristide

1991

overthrown

Joseph Nerette*

=

1991 - 1992

--

Marc Bazin (acting prime minister)

1992 - 1993

--

Émile Jonassai= nt*

1994

--

Jean-Bertrand Aristide

1994 - 1996

finished remainder of term

Rene Preval

1996 - 2001

full term

Jean-Bertrand Aristide

2001 - 2004

overthrown

Boniface Alexandre*

2004 - 2006

--

René Préval

2006 -

--


[*Provisional Leader]

--

--

Additional Info

Follow historyguycom on Twitter

 Haiti Leaders Page

History of Haiti: The History of Toussaint Louverture

Read the History Guy Weblog and the War and Conflict Journal--New

Taliban Advances; Pakistan in Mortal Danger--posted April 22, 2009

Southern Sudan Erupts in More Violence--posted April 22, 2009

Russia Expands War; Invades Georgia--posted August 10, 2008

Georgia Attacks South Ossetia and Risks Russian Intervention--posted August 7, 2008

Iran War Scenario for April, 2008-posted April 9, 2008

Pakistan's Violent Political History Continues With Bhutto's Assassination--posted Dec. 27, 2007

Casualties in the Somali War--posted Dec. 2, 2007

Musharraf's Martial Law Endangers the War on Terror--posted on Nov. 4, 2007

Biography: Pervez Musharraf--posted on Nov.4, 2007

Kurds At War: Turkey, Iraq, and Iran--posted on October 22, 2007

Stormfront: The Consequences of September 11 and America's Wars Around the World--posted on Sept. 11, 2007

The Calm Before The Storm: The World of September 10, 2001--posted on Sept. 10, 2007

Mid-East War Fears: Israel Versus Syria Again?--posted on Aug. 14, 2007

France at War: French Victories and Defeats--posted May 11, 2007

America and France: A Long Relationship Spanning War and Peace--posted May 10, 2007

Cinco de Mayo, 1862: The Battle Of Puebla --posted May 5, 2007

The Long War on Terror: What is in a War's Name?--posted May 3, 2007

Turkey: To Coup, or not to Coup, that, is the question!--posted May 2, 2007

Canada's Afghan War--posted April 29, 2007.

New and Recent Conflicts of the World

Wars and Conflicts of Burma/Myanmar --The Wars and Conflicts of Burma/Myanmar from the Anglo-Burmese Wars to the pro-democracy Myanmar uprising of 2007.

Wars and Conflicts of Yemen (1914-Present)--NEW

Djibouti-Eritrea Border War (June, 2008)

Wars of Iran and Persia--Lists the wars and conflicts of Persia and Iran from the 18th Century to the present.

The 2007 Pro-Democracy Uprising in Myanmar--The current uprising in Myanmar.

North Lebanon Conflict (2007)--Fighting between the Lebanese government and a Jihadist Palestinian militia calling itself Fatah al-Islam.

bin Laden's Declaration of War Against the United States-- Long before 9/11, Osama bin Laden declared his hatred and his intent to harm America.

Current Wars of the World--A listing of current wars and conflicts around the world.

Military Coups in Turkey-A listing of military coups in modern Turkey (1960-1997).

Comparing America's Wars Duration in Months-A look at America's wars and comparing their length in months.

War in Afghanistan--Details on the origins of this ongoing war; part of the War on Terror

Ethiopia-Somalia War of 2006*New*--A brief description of the Ethiopia-Somalia War which began in 2006, and is a part of the larger Somali Civil War.

Ethiopia-Somali Wars and Conflicts*New*--Listing the wars and conflicts between Ethiopia and Somalia

Wars of Germany--The wars and conflicts of Germany from the Franco-Prussian War of 1870-1871 to the War in Afghanistan.

Iraq War: Links and Resources*New*--Links and resources on the Iraq War.

Iraq War: Prisoner Abuse and Abu Ghraib Links and Resources*New*--Links and resources on the Iraq War's biggest scandal.

Iraq War: Battles and Campaigns*New*--Links and resources on Iraq War battles and military operations.

Israel-Lebanon/Hezbollah War of 2006--*New*--Details and analysis on the warfare along the Lebanese border which began in July, 2006!

Israel-Lebanon Conflict--*New*--Background information on the decades-long warfare and conflict along the Israel/Lebanon border.

Israeli-Palestinian Conflict--*New*--Background information on the long-running warfare between Israel and the Palestinians!

Israeli-Palestinian Battles and Campaigns--*New*--Specific information on the warfare raids, battles, terrorist attacks, and retaliations between Israel and the Palestinians!

Waziristan War----The War on Terror expands to Pakistan's Northwest Frontier!

Hamas----The terrorist/resistance group now ruling the Palestinian Authority!

War in the Western Sahara--

Iraq War

Afghan War

Nepal Civil War

Wars of 2006--*--Wars and conflicts of 2006!

privacy policy