invasion of Poland by Germany and the Soviet Union.
This marks the beginning of fighting in Europe.
of the Atlantic
struggle for control of the Atlantic Ocean. This naval
campaign is best known for the use of submarines
(U-boats) by the Germans and the convoy system by the
Winter War (1939-1940)--A
largely forgotten part of the Second World War is the
attack on Finland by the Soviet Union. This is during
the early part of the war when Germany and the Soviets
were more-or-less allies.
period between the Polish campaign and the German
conquest of France saw a fairly quite "Western Front"
along the Franco-German border.
Invasions of Norway and Denmark
invaded these two Scandinavian nations partly to keep
the British from seizing parts of Norway first. Hitler
also sought to ensure the supply of iron ore from
Sweden, which traveled through Norway.
Battle For France (1940)--The
lightning-quick invasion and conquest of France,
British snatched survival from the jaws of defeat
by rescuing hundreds of thousands of soldiers from
the beach at the French town of
Africa Campaigns (1940-1943)
Battle of Britain (1940)--Germany's
unsuccessful attempt to destroy Britain's Royal Air
Force as a prelude to an invasion of the British
weak attempt to conquer Greece leads to Germany's
invasion of the Balkans. Axis forces conquer
Yugoslavia and Greece.
Eastern Front/Great Patriotic War
rather stupid invasion of his former ally, the Soviet
Union. The Soviets would lose more than 20 million
dead, but at the end, Berlin, the German capitol, was
captured by the Soviets Berlin and eastern Germany
remained occupied by the Communist Russians for over
Raid at Dieppe (1942)
Invasion/Liberation of Italy
Following the surrender of Axis forces in North
Africa, Allied troops invade Sicily and mainland
Italy. This causes Mussolini's fall from power and
Italy's switch from the Axis to the Allies.
War over Europe
bombing campaign that crushed German industry, wiped
the Luftwaffe from the skies and destroyed Germany's
infrastructure and cities.
invasion of German-held French coast establishes a
solid second front to relieve German pressure on the
of France (1944-1945)--After
the successful landings at Normandy, Allied forces
push the Germans back to the German
of the Bulge
last-ditch, but unsuccesful, attempt to drive the
Fall of Germany (1945)----Allied
forces from West, East and South converge on Germany
and Hitler kills himself. The war in Europe is over,
but the Cold War is just beginning.