and Military History:
1876 - Russia conquers the Khanate of
Kokand which incorporates what is now the nation of
Kyrgyzstan into the Russian empire.
1916-17 - Russia's Muslim Central Asian
regions rebel during the Russian Revolution/Civil
War in the Basmachi Rebellion. Many Kyrgyz flee to
China, following the Russian suppression of
rebellion in Central Asia.
1920s and 1930s - Soviet land reforms,
destroy the traditional Kyrgyz way of life. The
Kyrgyz Communist Party becomes the only legal
political party. Soviet purges kill off many
members of the Kyrgyz intelligentsia, and others
who dissent are imprisoned or executed.
1936 - Kyrgyzstan becomes a constituent
republic within the Soviet Union.
1990 - Kyrgyz Communist Party leadership
opposes changes to the Soviet constitution to allow
non-Communist parties to take part in political
life. A state of emergency is imposed after several
hundred people are killed in interethnic clashes
between Uzbeks and Kyrgyz around the town of Osh,
near border with Uzbekistan. Askar Akayev, a member
of the reform wing of the Kyrgyz Communist Party is
elected by the legislature to the newly created
post of president.
1991 - Kyrgyzstan declares independence
from the Soviet Union and President Akayev joins
Russian leader Boris Yeltsin in openly resisting
the anti-Gorbachev coup by conservative Communists
1995 - President Akayev is re-elected
with over 70% of the vote.
1999 -- In August and September troops
are sent in after Islamic militants seize numerous
hostages and several villages near Tajik border.
Hostages were freedafter fierce fighting.
2000 --August , government troops again
battle Islamic fighters who cross the border from
Tajikistan and again seize hostages.
2000 -- Askar Akayev is again re-elected
in November as president for a another five years.
International observers believe that the elections
are flawed and unfair.
2002 --Leading opposition deputy Azimbek
Beknazarov is detained and prominent human rights
activist Sherali Nazarkulov dies while on hunger
strike to protest against Mr Beknazarov's detention
and five protesters are killed in clashes with
police during a protest demanding the release of
Beknazarov in the southern regional capital
continue, and several terrorist bombings take
2005--President Akayev's resignation
flees to Russia amid a rebellion called the Tulip
Revolution. A Nnwly-elected parliament recognizes
Kurmanbek Saliyevich Bakiyev as acting president
and prime minister. He acknowledges it as
legitimate. Bakiyev later wins a general election
2006--Anti-government protesters clash
2009--Bakiyev wins re-election in another
possibly corrupt election.
2010 --In April opponents of President
Bakiyev seize the offices of state-owned radio and
television in Bishkek durign growing unrest over
rising fuel prices and government corruption.
President Bakiyev declares a state of emergency in