The History Guy Presents:

World War Two:

Anglo-American Mutual Aid Agreement

(February 28, 1942)

 

Bookmark and Share

 

Anglo-American Mutual Aid Agreement : February 28, 1942

Signed in Washington on February 23, 1942, by Sumner Welles, Acting Secretary of State, and Viscount Halifax, British Ambassador

 

Whereas the Governments of the United States of America and the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland declare that they are engaged in a cooperative undertaking, together with every other nation or people of like mind, to the end of laying the bases of a just and enduring world peace securing order under law to themselves and all nations:

 

And whereas the President of the United States of America has determined, pursuant to the Act of Congress of March 11, 1941, that the defense of the United Kingdom against aggression is vital to the defense of the United States of America;

 

And whereas the United States of America has extended and is continuing to extend to the United Kingdom aid in resisting aggression;

 

And whereas it is expedient that the final determination of the terms and conditions upon which the Government of the United Kingdom receives such aid and of the benefits to be received by the United States of America in return therefore should be deferred until the extent of the defense aid is known and until the progress of events makes clearer and final terms and conditions and benefits which will be in the mutual interests of the United States of America and the United Kingdom and will promote the establishment and maintenance of world peace;

 

And whereas the Governments of the United States of America and the United Kingdom are mutually desirous of concluding now a preliminary agreement in regard to the provision of defense aid and in regard to certain considerations which shall be taken into account in determining such terms and conditions and the making of such an agreement has been in all respects duly authorized, and all acts, conditions and formalities which it may have been necessary to perform, fulfill or execute prior to the making of such an agreement in conformity with the laws either of the United States of America or of the United Kingdom have been performed, fulfilled or executed as required;

 

The undersigned, being duly authorized by their respective Governments for that purpose, have agreed as follows:

 

ARTICLE I

The Government of the United States of America will continue to supply the Government of the United Kingdom with such defense articles, defense services and defense information as the President shall authorize to be transferred or provided.

 

ARTICLE II

The Government of the United Kingdom will continue to contribute to the defense of the United States of America and the strengthening thereof and will provide such articles, services facilities or information as it may be in a position to supply.

 

ARTICLE III

The Government of the United Kingdom will not without the consent of the President of the United States of America transfer title to, or possession of, any defense article or defense information transferred to it under the act or permit the use thereof by any one not an officer, employee, or agent of the Government of the United Kingdom.

 

ARTICLE IV

If, as a result of the transfer to the Government of the United Kingdom of any defense article or defense information, it becomes necessary for that government to take any action or make any payment in order fully to protect any of the rights of a citizen of the United States of America who has patent rights in and to any such defense article or information, the Government of the United Kingdom will take such action or make such payment when requested to do so by the President of the United States of America.

 

ARTICLE V

The Government of the United Kingdom will return to the United States of America at the end of the present emergency, as determined by the President, such defense articles transferred under this agreement as shall not have been destroyed, lost or consumed and as shall be determined by the President to be useful in the defense of the United States of America or of the Western Hemisphere or to be otherwise of use to the United States of America.

 

ARTICLE VI

In the final determination of the benefits to be provided to the United States of America by the Government of the United Kingdom full cognizance shall be taken of all property, services, information, facilities, or other benefits or considerations provided by the Government of the United Kingdom subsequent to March 11, 1941, and accepted or acknowledged by the President on behalf of the United States of America.

 

ARTICLE VII

In the final determination of the benefits to be provided to the United States of America by the Government of the United Kingdom in return for aid furnished under the Act of Congress of March 11, 1941, the terms and conditions thereof shall be such as not to burden commerce between the two countries, but to promote mutually advantageous economic relations between them and the betterment of world-wide economic relations. To that end, they shall include provision for agreed action by the United States of America and the United Kingdom, open to participation by all other countries of like mind, directed to the expansion, by appropriate international and domestic measures, of production, employment, and the exchange and consumption of goods, which are the material foundations of the liberty and welfare of all peoples; to the elimination of all forms of discriminatory treatment in international commerce, and to the reduction of tariffs and other trade barriers; and in general, to the attainment of all the economic objectives set forth in the Joint Declaration made on Aug. 12, 1941, by the President of the United States of America and the Prime Minister of the United Kingdom.

 

At an early convenient date, conversations shall be begun between the two governments with a view to determining, in the light of governing economic conditions, the best means of attaining the above-stated objectives by their own agreed action and of seeking the agreed action of other like-minded governments.

 

ARTICLE VIII

This agreement shall take effect as from this day's date. It shall continue in force until a date to be agreed upon by the two governments.

 

Signed and sealed at Washington in duplicate this 23 day of February, 1942.

 

Source:

Department of State Bulletin, February 28, 1942.

Washington, DC : Government Printing Office, 1942.

Avalon Project

Subscribe to our War, Conflict, & History Newsletter

* indicates required

More Info

 

World War Two Main Page

Historyguy Main Page

Politics Main Page

New & Recent Conflicts
   A chronicle of newer and more recent conflicts and wars from around the globe

War and Conflict Links
   A listing of wars and war pages on the History Guy site
   

Comics History

  Portal for pages on the history of comics and superhero characters

Nations of the World

  Portal for pages on the nations of the world

Military History

  Portal for pages on military history

War Lists

   Lists of wars throughout history and from around the world

Biofiles

   Biographical files on individuals who impact American politics, culture, business, education and other arenas of life in the United States.
   
 

Governments of the World

   Pages on the governmental systems of selected nations.

U.S. Politics

United States national government and politics.

 What's New

The latest changes to the History Guy site.

About Us   

Information on the History Guy, the origin of the website, along with commentaries and a site map.

Read the History Guy Weblog--New

Musharraf's Martial Law Endangers the War on Terror--posted on Nov. 4, 2007

Biography: Pervez Musharraf--posted on Nov.4, 2007

Kurds At War: Turkey, Iraq, and Iran--posted on October 22, 2007

Stormfront: The Consequences of September 11 and America's Wars Around the World--posted on Sept. 11, 2007

The Calm Before The Storm: The World of September 10, 2001--posted on Sept. 10, 2007

Mid-East War Fears: Israel Versus Syria Again?--posted on Aug. 14, 2007

France at War: French Victories and Defeats--posted May 11, 2007

America and France: A Long Relationship Spanning War and Peace--posted May 10, 2007

Cinco de Mayo, 1862: The Battle Of Puebla --posted May 5, 2007

The Long War on Terror: What is in a War's Name?--posted May 3, 2007

Turkey: To Coup, or not to Coup, that, is the question!--posted May 2, 2007

Canada's Afghan War--posted April 29, 2007.

New and Recent Conflicts of the World

Wars and Conflicts of Burma/Myanmar --The Wars and Conflicts of Burma/Myanmar from the Anglo-Burmese Wars to the pro-democracy Myanmar uprising of 2007.

Wars of Iran and Persia--Lists the wars and conflicts of Persia and Iran from the 18th Century to the present.

The 2007 Pro-Democracy Uprising in Myanmar--The current uprising in Myanmar.

North Lebanon Conflict (2007)--Fighting between the Lebanese government and a Jihadist Palestinian militia calling itself Fatah al-Islam.

bin Laden's Declaration of War Against the United States-- Long before 9/11, Osama bin Laden declared his hatred and his intent to harm America.

Current Wars of the World--A listing of current wars and conflicts around the world.

Military Coups in Turkey-A listing of military coups in modern Turkey (1960-1997).

Comparing America's Wars Duration in Months-A look at America's wars and comparing their length in months.

War in Afghanistan--Details on the origins of this ongoing war; part of the War on Terror

Ethiopia-Somalia War of 2006*New*--A brief description of the Ethiopia-Somalia War which began in 2006, and is a part of the larger Somali Civil War.

Ethiopia-Somali Wars and Conflicts*New*--Listing the wars and conflicts between Ethiopia and Somalia

Wars of Germany--The wars and conflicts of Germany from the Franco-Prussian War of 1870-1871 to the War in Afghanistan.

Iraq War: Links and Resources*New*--Links and resources on the Iraq War.

Iraq War: Prisoner Abuse and Abu Ghraib Links and Resources*New*--Links and resources on the Iraq War's biggest scandal.

Iraq War: Battles and Campaigns*New*--Links and resources on Iraq War battles and military operations.

Israel-Lebanon/Hezbollah War of 2006--*New*--Details and analysis on the warfare along the Lebanese border which began in July, 2006!

Israel-Lebanon Conflict--*New*--Background information on the decades-long warfare and conflict along the Israel/Lebanon border.

Israeli-Palestinian Conflict--*New*--Background information on the long-running warfare between Israel and the Palestinians!

Israeli-Palestinian Battles and Campaigns--*New*--Specific information on the warfare raids, battles, terrorist attacks, and retaliations between Israel and the Palestinians!

Waziristan War----The War on Terror expands to Pakistan's Northwest Frontier!

Hamas----The terrorist/resistance group now ruling the Palestinian Authority!

War in the Western Sahara--

Iraq War

Afghan War

Nepal Civil War

Wars of 2006--*--Wars and conflicts of 2006!

Search