Flag of Poland

Flag of Poland

The Nation of


Nation Summary

Poland is an ancient nation with the unfortunate geographic position of sitting between Germany and Russia. Historically, Poland has been victimized by these two neighbors (and others over the past 300 years or so. After the end of the Cold War in the early 1990s, Poland has enjoyed true independende and a republican form of government with free and fair elections.

Independence: November 11, 1918 (The rebirth of Poland after 123 years of partition and rule by Germany, Austria-Hungary, and Russia)

Capital: Warsaw

Population & Ethnic Groups

Population (2007) --38.2 million.

Ethnic Groups--

Polish: 98% --Poles are considered to be members of the larger Slavic Ethnic group of Eastern Europe

German, Ukrainian, Belorussian, Lithuanian: The remaining 2%


Roman Catholic 90%


Polish (official)

Literacy: (Defined as how many people age 15 and over can read and write)

National Literacy Rate: 98%

Wars & Conflicts of Poland

 See Wars of Poland

Economic Data


Gross Domestic Product (GDP): $420 billion --This is how much, in U.S. dollars, this nation's economy produces in terms of products and services annually. (2007)

GDP - per capita: $11,300 (2007)--This figure shows how much personal wealth, on average, each Pole is worth. This is usually a good indicator of whether the nation can be considered "wealthy" or not.



Source: The CIA World Factbook 

Neighboring Nations

Russia -to the north

Lithuania-to the northeast

Belarus-to the east

Ukraine-to the southeast

Slovakia-to the south

Czech Republic-to the southwest

Germany-to the west

Sweden and Denmark--across the Baltic Sea to the north

National Politics

Form of Government--Republic

Current Leaders:

Prime Minister : Donald Tusk (since November 16, 2007)

President: Lech Kaczynski (since December 23, 2005)

Next National Elections: 2010


Major Political Parties

Civic Platform (PO)

Law and Justice (PiS)

Polish People's Party (PSL)

Democratic Left Alliance (SLD0

Social Democracy of Poland (SDPL)

Poland XXI

Democratic Party (PD)


Biofiles -Biography pages of people who impacted Poland.




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